Email the Webmaster!!!!!

Mission to the Solar System

Locations of Site Visitors

This page was last updated on June 2, 2024

PAGE Table of Contents

Inroduction to the solar system

Status of the Deep Space Network

About the Deep Space Network: Space Communications and Navigation

Information on About the Deep Space Network: Space Communications and Navigation

NASA's Digital Orrery

MAST: Barbara A. Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes

Map of the Universe from Johns Hopkins University and others.....

Johns Hopkins University (JHU) continues to pad its space community résumé with their interactive map, “The map of the observable Universe”, that takes viewers on a 13.7-billion-year-old tour of the cosmos from the present to the moments after the Big Bang. While JHU is responsible for creating the site, additional contributions were made by NASA, the European Space Agency, the National Science Foundation, and the Sloan Foundation.

JWST's weekly observing schedule:

NASA's Unverse of Learning
An Integrated AstroPhisics STEM Learning and Literacy program

Nuclear Hybrid Rocket

Artist’s concept of a bimodal nuclear rocket making the journey to the Moon, Mars, and other destinations in the Solar System. Credit: NASA

Our Solar System A 3D adventure through our cosmic neighborhood with NASA

Information on Our Solar System A 3D adventure through our cosmic neighborhood with NASA

How Solar System Moves Explained in Easy Words

In this video, we're going to learn how the solar system moves explained in easy words. We'll start with the sun and work our way around the planets. By the end, you'll have a good understanding of how the solar system moves! If you're interested in learning more about how the solar system moves, then this video is for you! By the end of this short video, you'll have a good understanding of how the solar system moves and how it works. If you're looking to learn something new, then this video is a great way to start! Animation is created by Bright Side. Music by Epidemic Sound Our Social Media: Facebook: . Stock materials (photos, footages and other): Shutter Stock East news For more videos and articles visit:

The Most Strange And Terrifying Planets in our Solar Systemx

#jupiter #universe #space Space has always captured humanity's collective imagination. Among the pantheon of celestial bodies that have fascinated us, Jupiter stands out as the largest planet in our solar system, its vibrant stripes and prominent 'Great Red Spot' making it easily recognizable. #jupiter #universe #space

The Planets Where Life Could Be Found - Finding Extraterrestrial Life in our Solar System

If there is life out there, where can we find it? At one time, the rest of the solar system was assumed to be a bleak wasteland. The rocky planets in the neighbourhood were either too cold and dry, like Mars, or too hot, like Venus. Other planets were gas giants, making the possibility of life on them or their moons extremely remote. It appeared like Earth was a wonder within a miracle. #universe #cosmos #planet

Why the Solar System May Be Full of Life with NASA Chief Scientist Dr. James Green

Is life on Europa? Did Mars have life? Does Mars currently have life on it? NASA Chief Scientist Dr. Jim Green joins John Michael Godier to discuss NASA's plans for Mars 2020, the possibility of past and current life on Mars. As well as the fact that the solar system may be full of life as much of the moon's and Kuiper belt objects have large amounts of water on them. Does Europa have complex life? It has an ocean of water underneath it's surface more than the combined amount of water on Earth. The Europa Clipper mission will do its best to answer that. Also, how is NASA now searching for potential technosignatures? Dr. Green's podcast Gravity Assist: Want to support the channel? Patreon: Follow us at other places! Website: Twitter: @jmgeventhorizon Instagram: @jmgeventhorizon Music featured on Event Horizon Stellardrome badcamp Miquel Johnson Bandcamp Leerosevere Bandcamp Aeriumambient Bandcamp FOOTAGE: NASA ESA/Hubble ESO - M.Kornmesser ESO - L.Calcada ESO - Jose Francisco Salgado ( NAOJ University of Warwick Goddard Visualization Studio Langley Research Center Pixabay

NASA Scientist Simulates Kaleidoscope of Sunsets on Other Worlds

Geronimo Villanueva, a NASA planetary scientist, created these sunset simulations while building a computer modeling tool for a possible future mission to Uranus, an icy-cold planet in the outer solar system. To check the accuracy of his tool, Villanueva simulated known sky colors of various planets and moons, some of which are shown in this video. The simulations show these worlds turning away from the light of the Sun, which is what’s happening when we see a sunset. As these worlds rotate, photons get scattered in different directions depending on the energy of the photons and the types of molecules in the atmospheres. The result is a lovely palette of colors that would be visible to those standing on these worlds. For more information on the sunset simulations, go here: Video credit: NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center James Tralie (ADNET): Lead Producer Lead Editor Geronimo Villanueva (Catholic University of America): Lead Scientist Lead Visualizer Lonnie Shekhtman (ADNET): Lead Writer Aaron E. Lepsch (ADNET): Technical Support Music credits: "Immense and Beautiful" by Victoria Beits from Universal Production Music This video is public domain and along with other supporting visualizations can be downloaded from NASA Goddard's Scientific Visualization Studio at: If you liked this video, subscribe to the NASA Goddard YouTube channel: subscribe to the NASA Goddard YouTube channel: Follow NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center · Instagram · Twitter- NASA GODDARD · Twitter-NASA GODDARD PICS · Facebook: · Flickr

Magnetoplasmadynamic Thrusters and Magnetoshell Shields.

This is the superconducting applications section of the last video by itself as requested. Have a great week! Shop the Academy store at... Please help support our channel at.Patreon Get 20% off when you sign up for Thank you so much for watching! Ad Astra Pro Terra Twittr accounts Artists Bassd Neopork85 Hazegrayart AlexSVanArt Fragomatik nickhenning3d Rovaerialphotos Companies NASA SPACEX Cochranex Blue Origin Space Ryde Virgin Galactic Relativity Space NeutronStarsys

Planning Your Solar System Road Trip

Want to visit the moon? Want to climb Olympus Mons on Mars? Work on you tan on Mercury? Chill out on Titan? To do this, you'll need to get there, and for that, you'll need to understand Delta V. This video explains delta V and the rocket equation and how hard it is to get from here to there.

A Brilliant Animation Showing How Fast and at What Angle the
Largest Planets in Our Solar System Rotate
by Lori Dorn at 1:25 PM on December 31, 2018

NASA's Solar System Page

NASA's Solar System Page

Radio signals converted to sounds from the solar system!!!

Solar System Guide

The Solar System. Image Credit: NASA

Get ready for an intergalactic (ok, maybe intragalactic) adventure! Pop Chart Lab has distilled more than half a century of space travel into a beautiful print. The Chart of Cosmic Exploration features hand-illustrated renderings of every orbiter, lander, rover, flyby, and impactor to ever successfully slip the surly bonds of Earth's orbit. Plus all of our pretty-cool planets in our pretty-great Solar System. Details - Dimensions: 36 x 24 inches (60.96 x 91.44 cm) - Each poster comes packaged in a Pop Chart Lab Test Tube - 100 lb. archival stock certified by The Forest Stewardship Council - Poster is pressed in Long Island City with vegetable-based inks About Pop Chart Lab In 2010, a book editor and a graphic designer joined forces with one modest goal: to render all of human experience in chart form. They went on to amass no small renown (that is, a ton of renown) for their infographical treatments of the varieties of beer, the full array of culinary tools, a taxonomy of hip-hop, and dozens more mappings of cultural touchstones. Now, with a small team of researchers, designers, and soldiers, Pop Chart Lab continues to assemble, sift, cull, and arrange massive amounts of cultural data into meaningful works of art and information.

The Major Planets of Our Solar System

Real Images from the Solar System!

The Solar System to scale

The Solar System In HD

Click Here The Solar System Digest!

Cool action Solar System Action

This animation shows the path of A/2017 U1, which is an asteroid — or perhaps a comet — as it passed through our inner solar system in September and October 2017. From analysis of its motion, scientists calculate that it probably originated from outside our Solar System. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech. Thus a nightly search for near-Earth objects may have uncovered an object whose origins lie much further away. A/2017 U1 is about 400 meters in diameter and on a highly unusual trajectory, one that fits neither an asteroid or comet from our own Solar System. Davide Farnocchia (JPL) is a scientist at NASA’s Center for Near-Earth Object Studies (CNEOS):

Planetary orbits in the Fourth Dimension

You probably that planets go around the sun in elliptical orbits. But do you know why?
In fact, they’re moving in circles in 4 dimensions. But when these circles are projected down to 3-dimenisons

Solar system diagrams from Table! amazing!

The Website of the Planetary Space Institute

The Planetary Science Institute

Click here to return to top of page

Solar System Infographics

Click here to return to top of page

Our Solar System

NASA Space Sounds

Uploaded on Feb 10, 2010 NASA Space Sounds - Information about the recordings and sample sounds of the planets,
moons and rings of planets in our Solar System.
[Note: both Song of Earth and Voice of Earth are man made compositions of the original Earth recordings.]
, see:"For live 24hr sound from space Category Science & Technology License Standard YouTube License

NASA's Solar System Page

NASA's Solar System Page

Animated diagram showing the spacing of the Solar Systems planet’s, the unusually closely spaced orbits of six of the most distant KBOs, and the possible “Planet 9”. Credit: Caltech/nagualdesign

LSST: Constructing a New Era in Astronomy

The Lsst main page

Published on May 2, 2017 Fly over the summit of Cerro Pachón in Chile with us and see how quickly LSST is becoming a reality! This video documents the progress of construction so far, dramatically capturing the scale and complexity of the ongoing project. A multimedia team was contracted to document the project via drone film footage, time-lapse sequences, panorama images, and full dome clips. This LSST blog post describes the details of the film crew's March 2017 visit to the construction site: Music licensed from Extreme Music Use policy Category Science & Technology License Standard YouTube License

x2+ Hours Of Exploring Our Fascinating Universe | Full Series | BBC Earth Lab

#Explorers #WorldSpaceWeek Is our solar system shaped like a croissant? Is there really alien life on Venus? Discover the extraordinary explorers that are journeying through our cosmos on a quest to uncover the unknown... Best of Earth Lab: Best of BBC Earth: #WorldSpaceWeek #Explorers This is a channel from BBC Studios who help fund new BBC programmes. Service information and feedback: 00:00:00 Incredible Discoveries Of The James Webb Space Telescope 00:09:22 Pluto's Dark Side Revealed 00:17:07 Sending A Probe Around The Sun 00:26:39 The Mysterious World Of Jupiter 00:34:00 Flying A Drone On Saturn's Moon Titan 00:40:50 Is Our Solar System Shaped Like A Croissant? 00:51:01 Searching For Life On Jupiter's Moon, Europa 00:58:16 Jupiter's Moon Io Shoots Lava 300 Miles Into Space 01:05:12 Icy Moon Enceladus Rains Water On Saturn 01:13:19 Is There Alien Life On Venus? 01:20:07 Finding A Liquid Ocean In Space 01:27:08 Exploring Gigantic Lake Beds On Mars 01:34:48 How Hubble Nearly Destroyed NASA's Reputation 01:45:00 Artemis Mission: The Next Giant Leap For Mankind 01:53:24 How (NOT) To Land A Spacecraft On A Comet : Best of Earth Lab Best of BBC Earth: This is a channel from BBC Studios who help fund new BBC programmes. Service information and feedback:

Navigating the Solar System


SEXTANT will demonstrate a GPS-like absolute position determination capability by observing millisecond pulsars. Credit: NASA

This image shows the configuration of NICER’s 56 X-ray mirrors that will gather scientific observations and play an instrumental role in demonstration X-ray navigation. Credits: NASA

The NICER payload, shown here on the outside of the International Space Station. Credit: NASA

Unlocking Secrets of Neutron Stars with NICER

Published on May 26, 2017 Though we know neutron stars are small and extremely dense, there are still many aspects of these remnants of explosive deaths of other stars that we have yet tounderstand. NICER, a facility to be mounted on the outside of the International Space Station, seeks to find the answers to some of the questions still being asked about neutron stars. By capturing the arrival time and energy of the x-ray photons produced by pulsars emitted by neutron stars, NICER seeks answer decades-old questions about extreme forms of matter and energy. Data from NICER will also be used in Sextant, an on-board demonstration of pulsar-based navigation. For more information: Research Overview on on Twitter. HD download link: Category Science & Technology License Standard YouTube License

The IAU has revamped their solar system coordinate system.
Now, if you are not planning on a driving vacation on Mercury, this might be a dry bit of information

Engineers are considering X-ray navigation - similar to GPS in space - for future CubeSat missions to the Moon and human exploration spacecraft. Why X-ray? Find out here:

Click here to return to top of page


  • Link to My Mission to Sun Page

  • Our one and only SUN

    The Solar Ham

    From OUR SUN

    From our sun

    Click here to return to top of page

    The Terrestrial Planets

  • MY Mission to MERCURY Page

  • MY Mission to VENUS Page

  • MY Mission to EARTH Page

  • MY Mission to Moon Page

  • MY Mission to Mars Page

  • The Terrestrial Planets from

    Facts on Mercury from

    Facts on Venus from

    Facts on Earth from

    Facts on Earth's Moon from

    The earth Venus orbital symmetery

    as seen in the solar system (by no ridiculous coincidence), Earth orbits the Sun 8 times in the same period that Venus orbits the Sun 13 times!
    Drawing a line between Earth & Venus every week results in a spectacular FIVE side symmetry!!
    Lets bring up those Fibonacci numbers again: 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34.. So if we imagine planets with Fibonacci orbits, do they
    create Fibonacci symmetries?! You bet!!

    Size comparison between Earth and Mars. Credit: NASA

    Click here to return to top of page

    Asteroid Belt

  • My Mission To The Asteroids page

  • Facts on the Asteroid Belt from

    From What is the Asteroid Belt?

    From Ceres

    FRom Ceres

    From Vesta

    Click here to return to top of page

    The Solar System's Gas Giants

  • My Mission to Jupiter Page

  • My Mission to Saturn page

  • Wikipedia article on the gas giants

    Article on the gas giants from

    Article on the Gas Giants from

    Article on Jupiter from

    Article on Saturn from


    This video of the Nice Model shows how the orbits of the outer gaseous planets of our solar system might have evolved. It also explains why and how the late heavy bombardement might have taken place. Note that in the first model shown in the film, Neptune's orbit is smaller than Uranus's orbit to begin with. The film is slowed down in places to make the changes more obvious for the viewer. Credit: Hal Levison, Southwest Research Institute, Boulder, Colorado Customized for Sky and Telescope by Shweta Krishnan

    Early Giant Planet Instability

    Here is a video of a successful simulation from Clement et al. (2018)(PDF) The x axis shows the semi-major axis of the planets (distance from the sun). The y axis shows the orbital eccentricity (the degree to which the orbit is elliptical or non-circular). The size of each dot is proportional to the mass of the object in the simulation, and the color is related to the amount of water and volatiles the object contains. The 5 black dots represent the giant planets (Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and an additional primordial Ice Giant which is ejected. The terrestrial planets form from a disk of 1100 initial objects. The objects exterior to the giant planets are the primordial Kuiper Belt bodies. When the instability ensues, the extra ice giant is ejected, and the outer section of the terrestrial disk is greatly depleted. This limits the mass of the Asteroid Belt, and prevents a planet from forming in the belt. Furthermore, Mars stops accreting other large embryos after the instability, however Earth and Venus continue to grow. This is consistent with the geological ages of Earth and Mars inferred from isotopic dating (Mars is thought to have finished forming within 1-10 million years, which Earth is believed to have taken around 100 million years to fully form). For more info please visit my website!


    A new study led by researchers from OU indicates that the outer planets could be why Mars is significantly smaller than Earth. Credit: NASA

    Click here to return to top of page

    Some worlds In our Solar system WITH PRESUMED UNDERGROUND OCEANS

    A montage of some of the "ocean worlds" in our Solar System. From top to bottom, left to right, these include Europa, Enceladus, TItan and Ceres. Credit: NASA/JPL

    Is extraterrestrial life suppressed on subsurface ocean worlds due to the paucity of bioessential elements? (PDF)

    Artist’s depiction of a watery exoplanet orbiting a distant red dwarf star. Credit: CfA

    Artist rendering showing an interior cross-section of the crust of Enceladus, which shows how hydrothermal activity may be causing the plumes of water at the moon’s surface. Credits: NASA-GSFC/SVS, NASA/JPL-Caltech/Southwest Research Institute

    Artist’s rendering of possible hydrothermal activity that may be taking place on and under the seafloor of Enceladus. Credit: NASA/JPL

    Artist’s concept of a Europa Clipper mission. Credit: NASA/JPL

    Click here to return to top of page

    The Ice Giants

  • My Mission To URANUS Page

  • My Mission To Neptune Page

  • Nasa's new pictures of Uranus' & Neptune's winds

    Wikipedia Article on the Ice Giants article on the Ice Giants

    From Universe today The Ice Giants

    From The Ice Giant Uranus

    From Space The Ice Giant Neptune

    Oh, the Irony. There are Likely Water Worlds Everywhere, but They’re Covered in ice and Impossible to Investigate

    Liquid water was originally thought to be relatively rare in the solar system. But one of the most important discoveries of the last several decades of planetary science is that liquid water is extremely common, even outside of the orbit of a star that would allow for it on the surface of a planet or moon. It just happens to be covered by a sheet of ice. Scientists at the Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) have now theorized about what the abundance of liquid water means for life throughout the galaxy, and whether it might be more common than originally thought.

    Thanks to the soutwest institute
    From Wikipedia the southwest institute

    IWOWs are even prevalent in our own backyard. This cutaway image of Pluto shows a section through the area of Sputnik Planitia, with dark blue representing a subsurface ocean and light blue for the frozen crust. Artwork by Pam Engebretson, courtesy of UC Santa Cruz.

    Searching for Life on Europa? Going Under the Ice

    We’re now learning that icy worlds seem to be the best places in Solar System where life could be hiding. Worlds like Europa and Enceladus, which have vast oceans of liquid water beneath a shell of water ice. And just in the last year, astrobiologists announced that hardy forms of Earth life should be able to thrive in these oceans, feeding off hydrogen gas emanating from deep sea vents. Clearly we need to explore these worlds, to go deep down beneath the ice to explore the ocean depths. But how do you drill through kilometers of ice to reach it? Sign up to my weekly email newsletter: Support us at:Support us at: Follow us on Tumblr: More stories at Follow us on Twitter: @universetoday Like us on Facebook: Instagram - Team: Fraser Cain - @fcain/ Karla Thompson - @karlaii / Chad Weber - Chloe Cain - Instagram: @chloegwen2001 References:


    Exploration under ice europa Applied Physics Lab Under water diver project Gladius Submersible Underwater Drone The most affordable, easy to use underwater photography drone w 4k camera, 100m depth & 500m range. The Leonard lab Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineeri uploaded by Muhammad Yasar Javaid

    Click here to return to top of page

    The Solar System's Dwarf Planets

  • My Mission To Pluto subpage our most complex Dwarf planet system

  • <21>Chariklo, the largest known centaur object, orbiting in a region between Saturn and Uranus

    SETI Institute
    The Lords of the Rings among centaurs

    Chariklo, the largest known centaur object, orbiting in a region between Saturn and Uranus,
    is a very intriguing celestial body that surprised astronomers last year.
    This remote minor planet has unveiled the existence of its rings during a stellar occultation,
    when it passed in front of a star UCAC4 248-108672.
    The discovery was surprising because it had been thought that rings could only be stable around much more massive bodies.
    Having in mind Chariklo's relative small mass, the rings should disperse over a period of at most a few million years,
    so the scientists conclude that either they are very young, or they are actively contained by shepherd moons with a
    mass comparable to that of the rings. Image credit: ESO/L. Calçada/Nick Risinger "Read more

    Artist’s impression of rings around the Centaur Chariklo, the first asteroid where rings were discovered.
    Credit: ESO/L. Calçada/M. Kornmesser/Nick Risinger

    Artist’s impression of Chiron, showing a possible ring system. Credit:

    Due to their dual nature, the name Centaur has stuck when referring to objects that act as both comets and asteroids.
    Credit: Further Reading:

    List of possible dwarf planets

    Click here to return to top of page

    The Kuiper Belt

  • Click here for the continuation of our soloar System The Trans Neptunian Objects

  • Planet 9 in the Kupier Belt??

  • Thank you NASA!!!!!

    Nasa's Kuiper Belt page

    NASA's Page on Things to know about the Kuiper Belt


    Colonizing the Kuiper Belt

    Go to < to get a 30-day free trial of Brillant/A>+ the first 200 people will get 20% off their annual subscription. We often discuss our future in the Asteroid Belt, and the glorious civilizations we might one day build there. However, it is but a pale shadow of its larger twin, the Kuiper Belt, out at the edge of the solar system. : Visit our Website Join Nebula: Support us on Patreon: Support us on Subscribestar: Facebook Group: Reddit: Twitter:on Twitter and RT our future content. SFIA Discord Server: Listen or Download the audio of this episode from Soundcloud: Episode's Audio-only version: Episode's Narration-only version: Credits: Outward Bound: Colonizing the Kuiper Belt Episode 397, June 1, 2023 Produced, Written & Narrated by: Isaac Arthur Editors: David McFarlane Graphics by: Bryan Versteeg Jeremy Jozwik Ken York Kristijan Tavcar Sergio Botero Music Courtesy of: Epidemic Sound Markus Junnikkala, "Hail The Victorious Dead", "A Memory of Earth" Stellardrone, "Red Giant", "Ultra Deep Field" Sergey Cheremisinov, "Labyrinth", "Forgotten Stars" Taras Harkavyi, "Alpha and..."

    Can We Colonize the Kuiper Belt? and the rest of the solar system

    Our Merch Is Finally Available! 👉 / @insanecuriosity E-mail for Commercial Purposes ► Our New Website ► -- The trend now is to colonize Mars… But let’s go further than that, I’m getting bored of Mars Colonies. Imagine going far far beyond that. Imagine growing past the outside of our solar system. We start leaving behind familiar planets, familiar moons and you finally start entering a vast space filled with frozen treasures and cosmic wonders. Welcome to the Kuiper Belt in a celestial playground like no other! And not only that… imagine colonizing it.. What would life look like there? And would we able to survive it? What is Kuiper Belt Now what exactly is the Kuiper Belt, you ask? Imagine a giant, donut-shaped object orbiting the sun. Instead of houses, the vast area is filled with ice objects ranging from dust to asteroid. It’s like an ice cream parlor in the Milky Way with a variety of flavors to choose from! Why Colonize Kuiper? So why colonize Kuiper Belt and risk going that far… Well, the Kuiper Belt extends 30 times further from the Sun than Earth. Although initially unattractive for migrants due to the extreme distance and low light levels, it offers several advantages. Problems But the colonization doesn’t only bare advantages.. which if you think about them, are not that advantageous. Obviously, it comes with its sets of problems and challenges. The problems of inhabiting the Belt can be summarized in three main aspects Possibilities As for colonization outside the Kuiper Belt, including exoplanets and scattered disks, there are three options that do not rely on cheap fusion: First, classical nuclear fission using uranium and thorium in the solar system. -- "If You happen to see any content that is yours, and we didn't give credit in the right manner please let us know at and we will correct it immediately" "Some of our visual content is under an Attribution-ShareAlike license. in its different versions such as 1.0, 2.0, 3,0, and 4.0 – permitting commercial sharing with attribution given in each picture accordingly in the video." Credits: Ron Miller, Mark A. Garlick / Credits: Nasa/Shutterstock/Storyblocks/Elon Musk/SpaceX/ESA/ESO/ Flickr -- 0:30 what is the kuiper belt 3:50 kuiper belt objects 5:07 problems 8:12 possibilities 9:38 conclusion 10:30 why colonizing the solar system will remain only a dream 14:00 Mercury 15:28 Venus 17:18 Moon 19:16 Mars 21:30 Ceres 23:23 Europa 24:48 Titan 26:35 Pluto


    A planetary mass object the size of Mars would be sufficient to produce the observed perturbations in the distant Kuiper Belt. Credit: (Image: Heather Roper/LPL)

    Artist’s impression of the yet-to-be-discovered “planetary mass object”, who’s existence has been theorized based on the orbital plane of distant Kuiper Belt objects. Credit: Heather Roper/LPL

    The Kuiper Belt - Our Solar System

    #space #solarsystem Hello viewers! do you know where Pluto is located? it is located in the Kuiper Belt. The Kuiper Belt, also known as the Kuiper-Edge worth Belt is a disk-shaped region found in the outer solar system, outside the orbit of Neptune. It extends from the orbit of Neptune at around 30 Astronomical Units (AU) out to around 50 AU from the Sun and contains hundreds of millions of small icy bodies that are thought to be leftover material from the formation of the outer planets. This is the place where Pluto was found and was reclassified to a dwarf planet due to being a member of this belt. We know you want to know more about this belt and hence we bring 10 interesting facts about the Kuiper belt. #KiuperBelt #solarsystem #space Subscribe to Explified for more such videos! References and citations: From Astronomy trek From NASA: 10 things to know about the Kuiper Belt .

    Kuiper Belt: Realm of the Dwarf Planets

    Simon's Social Media: Twitter: Instagram: #sponsored Check out Squarespace:for 10% off on your first purchase. Love content? Check out Simon's other YouTube Channels: Biographics: Geographics: Warographics: SideProjects: Into The Shadows: TopTenz: Today I Found Out: Highlight History: Business Blaze Casual Criminalist: Decoding the Unknown:


    Wikipedia article on the Kuper Belt

    From What Is The Kuiper Belt?

    Click here to return to top of page

    The OOrt Cloud


    Outward Bound: Colonizing the Oort Cloud

    Could the cold outer reaches of the solar system ever be called home? Visit our sponsor, Brilliant: Far beyond even Pluto and the Kuiper Belt is a vast and mostly empty region of space that we theorize may contain trillions of comets and other icy bodies. Frozen and barren though they would be, we will consider how they might one day become thriving and comfortable habitats for us. Visit our Website: Join the Facebook Group: Support the Channel on Patreon: : Visit the sub-reddit Listen or Download the audio of this episode from Soundcloud: Cover Art by Jakub Grygier: Graphics Team: Edward Nardella Jarred Eagley Justin Dixon Katie Byrne Kris Holland of Mafic Stufios: Misho Yordanov Pierre Demet Sergio Botero: Stefan Blandin Script Editing: Andy Popescu Connor Hogan Edward Nardella Eustratius Graham Gregory Leal Jefferson Eagley Keith Blockus Luca de Rosa Mark Warburton Michael Gusevsky Mitch Armstrong MolbOrg Naomi Kern Philip Baldock Sigmund Kopperud Tiffany Penner Music: Markus Junnikkala, "Hail the Victorious Dead" Koalips, "Kvazar" Lombus, "Hydrogen Sonata" Aerium, "Waters of Atlantis" Chris Zabriskie, "CGI Snake" Caption author (Korean) D Shin

    What Is The Oort Cloud?

    🌎 Get Our Merch designed with ❤ / @insanecuriosity 💫Get 10% off Under Lucky Stars and enjoy our star maps completely custom-made 💫 -- Looking at where we are now. With our back to the sun, and the Planets, Asteroids and comets behind us, we face Deep Space. There’s nothing between us and the stars that are very far away. Or is there? The Empty space beyond Neptune is not empty. What if we tell you that the Solar system is in the centre of a Giant ice-cloud! This cloud might be filled with billions and trillions of comets and other objects. What is the Oort Cloud? ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Subscribe for more videos: E-Maol:Business Enquiries: ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Before talking about this cloud, let’s talk about what are comets? Comets are cosmic snowballs of frozen gases, rocks and dust, orbiting the sun. They are typically the size of a town.These comets while orbiting the sun, get close to it and in the process are heated. Upon heating, they emit dust and gases into a giant glowing head. The dust and gases form a tail that stretches away from these for millions of miles. There are two main classes of comets : Short-period comets (also called elliptical comets) and long period comets. Short period comets are generally accepted to have emerged from either the Kuiper belt or the Scattered Disc which are two linked flat discs of icy debris beyond Neptune’s orbit at 30 au and jointly extending out beyond 100 au from the Sun. Short period comets have an orbital period of less than 200 years and orbit the Sun in the same plane as the planets. Long period comets have tilted and wildly elliptical orbits and appear from every direction in the sky. Their orbits last for thousands of years. The orbits of comets within the Kuiper belt are relatively stable, and so very few comets are thought to originate there. But there is a problem here. Comets loose material and burn up when they fly by the sun and melt in the spectacular process which creates those gorgeous tails. After an interval of time comets disappear, and yet new comets keep coming. It's been nearly 4.5 Billion years to our solar systems birth and yet these comets are still appearing from nowhere. So where are they coming from? And what makes them come toward us? This was a very puzzling question back in the mid- 20th century. It was first theorised and solved by Dutch Astronomer, Jan Oort in 1950. He was also the first person to find the evidence for dark matter. He also found the distance of our Solar System from the Centre of our Milky Way. To understand what he proposed, lets go a bit back in time, about 4.5 Billion years back. Lets Observe our solar system, coalescing out of a flat disk of material around the sun, the inner planets were warmer, smaller and rocky while the outer planets were in a region that was freezing and grew huge. As this part of the solar system was chillier, water came in the form of ice mixed with dust and other stuffs. These pieces would then collide and stick together, and in the process they grew bigger. So, after the planets formed, the region in which they were formed still contained lots of these leftover chunks of ice and stuff called Planetesimals. Planetesimals formed the same material as the planets did. But those outer Jovian planets, they had a lot of gravity and any piece of chunk that got too close to them, were either assimilated in them or got thrown into highly eccentric orbits. They were either thrown towards the sun or flung out into Deep Space. Trillions upon trillions of such ice balls got tossed around by the planets. These small chunks with a very little gravity pulled on the heavy planets and the planets did the same. Though, the gravitational pull of these small chunks of ice was not much, but after trillions of these encounters, it accounted. So, the overall effect of all these encounters was that the Saturn, Uranus and Neptune moved outwards and Jupiter moved Inwards. As Neptune was moving outwards, it had a lot of encounters with these ice chunks and flung them into wild elliptical and tilted orbits. This shuffling and moving of the outer planets is what caused the Late Heavy Bombardment in our solar system.Today, there are three distinct populations of these objects. One is a region called the Kuiper belt, named after the Dutch Astronomer Gerard Kuiper. Comets in this belt have a stable orbit aligned with the planets.

  • Planet 9 in the OORT CLOUD??



    Wikipedia Article

    From Universe today: What is the Oort Cloud?

    Facts on the oort cloud from Space

    The supposed Planet 9 in he OORT cloud

    Artist’s impression of Planet Nine, blocking out the Milky Way. The Sun is in the distance, with the orbit of Neptune shown as a ring. Credit: ESO/Tomruen/nagualdesign

    Click here to return to top of page

    Settlement proposals for the solar system

    The VONA Space Settlement Proposal

    Published on Jun 5, 2014 VONA is a space settlement design that tied for Grand Prize in the 2014 NASA-NSS Space Settlement Design Contest. VONA was created by was created by a team of 6 students (grade 10): Aditya P. S., Amareen S., Hatinderpal Singh G., Hetarth C., Karan C., and Prajjwal M.; under the instruction of Mr. Emmanuel R. (Apeejay School), from Jalandhar, Punjab, India. Category Science & Technology License Standard YouTube License

    The O'neil Space Settlement Proposal

    Forget the flying cars and robot maids, we’re just a few precious generations away from ditching this hunk
    of space rock called Earth and living among the stars. The dream of off-world living is thanks, in large part,
    to a single Princeton physics professor who not only envisioned a new path for humanity but nearly convinced Congress to
    go along with it. Piers Biznoy explains just how close we came to building orbital habitats in the 1980s in his new book New Space Frontiers.

    O'Neil cylinder proposals

    A look at O'Neill Cylinders, immense space habitats.


    A look at O'Neill Cylinders, immense space habitats. Visit our sponsor, Brilliant: Far larger than any conventional Space Station, O'Neill Cylinders could potentially serve as as entire city-states or nature preserves. Today we will review how these megastructures might be built and how they may represent a superior option to terraforming planets. Visit our Website: Support us on Patreon: SFIA Merchandise available: Social Media: Facebook Group Reddit: Twitter:on Twitter and RT our future content. SFIA Discord Server: Listen or Download the audio of this episode from Soundcloud: Cover Art by Jakub Grygier: Writers: Isaac Arthur Script Editors: Darius Said Keith Blockus Konstantin Sokerin Mark Warburton Matthew Acker Michael Gusevsky MolbOrg Sigmund Kopperud Sam McNamara Producer Isaac Arthur Cover Artist Jakub Grygier Graphics Team Jarred Eagley Jeremy Jozwik Justin Dixon Katie Byrne Kris Holland (Mafic Studios) Sam McNamara (Rapid Thrash) Sergio Botero Narrator: Isaac Arthur Music Manager: Luca De Rosa - Music: Markus Junnikkala, "We Roam the Stars" Kai Engel, "Endless Story About Sun and Moon" Brandon Liew, "Mystic Forest Orchestral Fantasy" Ayreon, "String Theory" Chris Zabriskie, "Stories About the World That Once Was" Markus Junnikkala, "A Memory Of Earth" Phase Shift, "Enigmatic." NJ Mandaville, "The Resting Vale" Dracovallis, "The Grave of My Beloved" Sergey Cheremisinov, "White Atlantis" Caption author (Portuguese) Misaki Chan Caption author (French) Sylvain Auclai

    The Space Habitat proposal

    Habitat Fly-thru

    Uploaded on Aug 15, 2009 Description: A one-minute/one-revolution fly-through of the Habitat.




    The ESA recently elaborated its plan to create a Moon base by the 2030s.
    Credit: Foster + Partners is part of a consortium set up by the European Space Agency to explore
    the possibilities of 3D printing to construct lunar habitations.
    Credit: ESA/Foster + Partners

    NASA picks 6 companies to develop prototype space habitats August 12, 2016 William Harwood

    Artist’s concept of a Lockheed Martin-built habitation system with the Orion capsule.
    Credit: Lockheed Martin NASA has selected six companies to work on designs for deep space habitat modules that could be used by
    astronauts living and working near the moon as technology is developed for eventual flights to Mars, the agency announced Tuesday.(august 9, 2016)
    NASA already is developing the Space Launch System heavy-lift booster and the Orion capsule that will carry crews to low-Earth orbit and beyond.
    But Orion is far too small to support crews for long stays in so-called cislunar space or multi-year round-trip flights to and from Mars.

    Exterior view of a Stanford torus. Bottom center is the non-rotating primary solar mirror,
    which reflects sunlight onto the angled ring of secondary mirrors around the hub.
    Painting by Donald E. Davis By Donald Davis - NASA Ames Research Center and public domain image at artist's web site, Public Domain, Link


    Kalpana One tour from Bryan Versteeg Studios Inc. on Vimeo.

    With a radius of 250m and a depth of 325m, Kalpana One would spin at a rate of 2 revolutions per minute to give the feeling of one earth gravity on the level where everyone will live. This means that people could live long and healthy lives while their bones and muscles would develop as they would on earth. This example layout of the settlement shows all of the luxuries and recreation of a small town.


    Artist's concept of a terraformed Mars (left) and an O'Neill Cylinder. Credit: Ittiz/Wikimedia Commons (left)/Rick Guidice/NASA Ames Research Center (right)

    Artist’s impression of the terraforming of Mars, from its current state to a livable world. Credit: Daein Ballard

    Artist’s concept of a possible Mars terraforming plant. Credit: National Geographic Channel

    Artist’s concept of a possible Space Colony in Solar orbit

    Evolution of Space Colony proposals


    The Managed, Reconfigurable, In-space Nodal Assembly (MARINA), developed by MIT graduate students, is designed as a habitable commercially owned module for use in low Earth orbit. Credit: MIT/MARINA team

    In the future, LEO (Low Earth Orbit) will become home to commercial modules (like the Bigelow Aerospace B330 expandable module, shown here),will become a reality. Credit: Bigelow Aerospace

    Members of the MIT team (from left to right): Caitlin Mueller (faculty advisor), Matthew Moraguez, George Lordos, and Valentina Sumini. Credit: MIT/MARINA team

    Asgardia: a New space nation

    The Asgardia Website

    Asgardia: Prposed Space Naion in space

    'Space Nation' Endures Tough Start: A Russian industrialist's proposed 'space nation' is dealing with early growing pains that may keep the concept from getting off the ground. When Igor Ashurbeyli announced the formation of 'Asgardia' last year, the idea was met with skepticism from legal experts and scholars, but also generated tremendous enthusiasm from the general public. A whopping 300,000 people from around the world signed up to take part in the effort, however their idyllic feelings appear to be faltering as the 'space nation' begins to take shape.



    The Aurora Station space hotel will launch in 2021 and host its first guests in 2022. It has room for 4 guests and 2 crew. Image: credit Orionspan

    Aurora Station will have 5600 square feet of living space which can be configured as 2 or 4 suites. Image: credit Orionspan

    Aurora Station will also host micro-gravity research and in-situ manufacturing. Image: credit Orionspan

    Click here to return to top of page

    Future Missions to the solar system




    Lockheed Martin artist rendering of the NextSTEP habitat docked with Orion in cislunar orbit as part of a concept for the Deep Space Gateway. Orion will serve as the habitat?s command deck in early missions, providing critical communications, life support and navigation to guide long-duration missions. CREDIT(PRNewsfoto/Lockheed Martin)

    Artist’s impression of the Deep Space Gateway, currently under development by Lockheed Martin. Credit: NASA

    Artist’s concept of space habitat operating beyond Earth and the Moon Credit: NASA

    Credit: NASA

    NASA is working on developing a space station in a cis-lunar orbit that will serve as the jumping off point to exploring the Solar System; it’s known as the Deep Space Gateway. Support us at: More stories at: Follow us on Twitter: @universetoday Like us on Facebook: Google+ - Instagram - @fcain / Team: Fraser Cain - Karla Thompson - @karlaii / Chad Weber - Chloe Cain - Instagram: @chloegwen2001 I don’t have to tell you that the vision of human space exploration in the Solar System has kind of stalled. Half a century ago, humans set foot on the Moon, and we haven’t been back since. Instead, we’ve thoroughly explored every cubic meter of low Earth orbit, going around and around the Earth. In fact, back in 2016, the International Space Station celebrated 100,000 orbits around the Earth.


    Artist's concept of a bimodal nuclear rocket making the journey to the Moon, Mars, and other destinations in the Solar System. Credit: NASA

    Nuclear reactors (like the one pictured here) are being considered by NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center for possible future missions. Credit: NASA

    Artist’s concept of a Bimodal Nuclear Thermal Rocket in Low Earth Orbit. Credit: NASA

    Artist’s concept of a bimodal nuclear rocket slowing down to establish orbit around Mars. Credit: NASA

    Earth To Mars In 100 Days? The Power Of Nuclear Rockets

    Artist’s concept of a Bimodal Nuclear Thermal Rocket in Low Earth Orbit. Credit: NASA

    Earth To Mars In 100 Days? The Power Of Nuclear Rockets

    The Solar System is a really big place, and it takes forever to travel from world to world with traditional chemical rockets. But one technique, developed back in the 1960s might provide a way to dramatically shorten our travel times: nuclear rockets. Of course, launching a rocket powered by radioactive material has its own risks as well. Should we attempt it? Audio Podcast version: ITunes: RSS: What Fraser's Watching Playlist: Weekly email newsletter: Support us at: More stories at: Twitch: Follow us on Twitter: @universetoday Like us on Facebook: Instagram - Team: Fraser Cain - @fcain / Karla Thompson - @karlaii / Chad Weber - References: Nuclear Thermal Propulsion: Game Changing Technology for Deep Space Explorationt An Historical Perspective of the NERVA Nuclear Rocket Engine Technology Program (PDF) Fusion-Enabled Pluto Orbiter and Lander Fusion-Enabled Pluto Orbiter and Lander (PDF)

    Artist’s illustration of the launch of the Space Launch System, which will eventually be the most powerful rocket ever built. Credit: NASA

    The first ground experimental nuclear rocket engine (XE) assembly, in a “cold flow” configuration, is shown being installed in Engine Test Stand No. 1 at the Nuclear Rocket Development Station in Jackass Flats, Nevada.

    NASA design for a Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Application (NERVA). Credit: NASA

    Image illustration of Princeton Satellite Systems concept fusion rocket. Credit: Princeton Satellite Systems

    Click here to return to top of page

    Alleged asteroid(COMET?? SPACESHIP??) OUMUAMUA


  • Click here for my mission to the asteroids article on OUMUAMUA

  • Artist’s impression of the first interstellar asteroid/comet, "Oumuamua". This unique object was discovered on 19 October 2017 by the Pan-STARRS 1 telescope in Hawaii. Credit: ESO/M. Kornmesse

    Astronomers have found that ‘Oumuamua, the first interstellar object discovered in the Solar System, is moving away from the Sun faster than expected. Using data from ESO’s Very Large Telescope, and from NASA/ESA’s Hubble Space Telescope, a team of researchers concluded that ‘Oumuamua is most likely outgassing — suggesting that this enigmatic interstellar nomad is a peculiar comet rather than an asteroid. More information and download options: Subscribe to ESOcast in iTunes! Receive future episodes on YouTube by pressing the Subscribe button above or follow us on Vimeo: Watch more ESOcast episodes: Find out how to view and contribute subtitles for the ESOcast in multiple languages, or translate this video on YouTube: Credit: ESO Directed by: Mathias Jäger. Visual Design and Editing: Martin Kornmesser and Luis Calçada. Editing: Martin Kornmesser. Web and technical support: Mathias André and Raquel Yumi Shida. Written by: Calum Turner and Mathias Jäger. Music: Stellardrone. Narration: Sara Mendes da Costa. Footage and photos: ESO, ESA/Hubble NASA, ESA, Luis Calçada , M. Kornmesser and G. Hüdepohl ( Executive producer: Lars Lindberg Christensen. Caption author (Italian) Nicola Gaspari Caption author (French) Ayoola Boyejo Caption author (Romanian) Mihail-Gabriel Barbuta Category Science & Technology License Creative Commons Attribution license (reuse allowed)

    Oumuamua as it appeared using the William Herschel Telescope on the night of October 29. Queen’s University Belfast/William Herschel Telescope

    Artist’s impression of the interstellar object, ‘Oumuamua, experiencing outgassing as it leaves our Solar System. Credit: ESA/Hubble, NASA, ESO, M. Kornmesser

    Click here to return to top of page


    Flat Articles

    From Centuari Dreams

    Building Smallsat Capabilities for the Outer System

    LSST: Interstellar Interlopers and the Nature of Z

    New Horizons: Mapping at System’s Edge

    Click here to return to top of page

    Click here to Return to top of this articles subsection