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Mission to Mercury



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View of the Sun from Mercury


Status of the Deep Space Network

Speculation

Outward Bound: Colonizing Mercury

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Today we take a trip inward, to explore Sun-Scorched Mercury. Visit our sponsor, Brilliant: Mercury is the nearest planet to the Sun, a seeming airless wasteland little discussed in conversations about colonizing our solar system. Today we will challenge that, and show that Mercury may be one of the most promising places for humanity to make new homes on. : Watch Isaac's Interview on TMRO Social Media: Facebook Group Reddit: Twitter:on Twitter and RT our future content. SFIA Discord Server: Listen or Download the audio of this episode from Soundcloud: Episode's Audio-only version: Episode's Narration-only version: Credits: Outward Bound: Colonizing Pluto Episode 189 Season 5 E23 Written by: Isaac Arthur Jerry Guern Mark Warburton Editors: Evan Schultheis Darius Said Keith Blockus Matthew Acker Cover Art: Jakub Grygier Graphics by: Fishy Tree Jeremy Jozwik Katie Byrne Ken York Kristijan Tavcar Sam McNamara Sergio Botero The Ashdale Regiment Produced & Narrated by: Isaac Arthur Music Manager: Luca De Rosa - lucaderosa2@live.com Music: Markus Junnikkala, "Hail the Victorious Dead" Koalips, "Kvazar" Aerium, "Fifth Star of Aldebaran" Kai Engel, "Endless Story about Sun and Moon" Denny Schneidemesser, "Across the Universe" Lombus, "Cosmic Soup"

The First Real Images Of Mercury - What Have We Discovered?

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When we look up to the starry sky on a clear night, we get a distant glimpse of seemingly totally alien worlds. The view to the stars helps us in turn to get an approximate feeling for the relationship of us and our earths to the great whole. The sheer gigantic universe fascinates us not least because of its countless secrets, which have posed ever new puzzles to international scientists for many centuries. All the more important are therefore the groundbreaking new discoveries that are regularly made in the field of astronomical research. Today: The first real images from mercury surface! Subscribe for more! ► Credit: NASA, ESA, ESO, SpaceX, Wikipedia, Shutterstock, ... #TheSimplySpaceEN​


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Mercury

NASA TRAVEL POSTER


Mission to Mercury


Mercury INFOGRAPHIC

Living on Mercury INFOGRAPHIC

Mercury is the closest planet to the Sun in Earth�s solar system, but has no moons and no substantial atmosphere.


The secrets of Mercury

Mercury These colorful composite new images of Mercury, provide colorful diversity of surface materials in never seen before detail. The Mercury Atmosphere and Surface Composition Spectrometer (MASCS) instrument aboard
NASA�s MESSENGER spacecraft was designed to study both the exosphere and surface of the planet Mercury.

MESSENGER False Color Mercury Globe Spin


Published on Jun 11, 2013 All of Mercury Image Credit: NASA/JHU Applied Physics Lab/Carnegie Inst. Washington For the first time,
the entire surface of planet Mercury has been mapped. Detailed observations of the innermost planet's surprising
crust have been ongoing since the robotic MESSENGER spacecraft first passed Mercury in 2008 and began orbiting in 2011.
Previously, much of the Mercury's surface was unknown as it is too far for Earth-bound telescopes to see clearly,...
http://messenger.jhuapl.edu/gallery/s... Category Science & Technology License Creative Commons Attribution license (reuse allowed) Remix this video Source videos View attributions

The Planet Mercury

Mercury, as imaged by the MESSENGER spacecraft, revealing parts of the never seen by human eyes.
Image Credit: NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Carnegie Institution of Washington

Maps of magnesium/silicon (left) and thermal neutron absorption (right) on Mercury's surface. Red represents high values and blue low ones.
Image credit: NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Carnegie Institution of Washington -
See more at: http://sen.com/news/mercury-s-hidden-mantle-shows-up-in-new-maps#sthash.uTagBqP8.dpuf

This is the THe Messenger main website

MESSENGER launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on August 3, 2004. It entered orbit around Mercury on March 18, 2011,
the first spacecraft ever to do so. Since then it has performed countless observations of our Solar System�s innermost planet
and has successfully mapped 100% of its surface. Check out the infographic below showing some of the amazing numbers racked up by
MESSENGER since its launch ten years ago

MESSENGER Completes Second Burn to Maintain Mercury Orbit



A little over a week before NASA�s MAVEN spacecraft fired its rockets to successfully enter orbit around Mars,
MESSENGER performed a little burn of its own � the second of four orbit correction maneuvers (OCMs) that will allow
it to remain in orbit around Mercury until next March. Although it is closing in on the end of its operational life
it�s nice to know we still have a few more months of images and discoveries from MESSENGER to look forward to!

Delaying Death: Mercury Spacecraft Firing Engines To Stay Up Until 2015


Illustration of MESSENGER in orbit around Mercury (NASA/JPL/APL)
Don�t take these spectacular Mercury images (below the jump) for granted.
Three weeks ago, NASA�s orbiting Mercury spacecraft did an engine fire to boost its altitude above the hothouse planet.
Another one is scheduled for January.

An Oblique View of Abedin Is One of MESSENGER�s Final Scenes


The possibly-volcanic crater Adedin on Mercury by MESSENGER.
Credit: NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Carnegie Institution of Washington. The 72-mile (116-km) -wide crater Adedin is seen at an oblique angle in this mosaic made from images
acquired by NASA�s MESSENGER spacecraft. The angle highlights the crater�s central peak complex which surrounds
a shallow depression that could have a volcanic origin, as well as fine cracks in the floor of its basin and a slumped
and terraced section of its far wall. The crater was named after the Bangladeshi painter Zainul Abedin (1914-1976).

DARK STAINS ON MERCURY REVEAL ITS ANCIENT CRUST 7 Mar , 2016 by Jason Major


Expanded-color image of Mercury's 52-km Degas crater, showing an abundance of low-reflectance material (LRM).

Low-reflectance material surrounding an 80-km crater called Basho, imaged in May 2012

Mercury MESSENGER Mission Concludes with a Smashing Finale!
by BOB KING on APRIL 30, 2015


Over and out! This is the final image acquired and transmitted back to Earth by MESSENGER this afternoon, April 30, 2015.
We�re seeing a small area 0.6 miles (1 km) across on the floor of the 93-kilometer-diameter crater Jokai.
The spacecraft struck the planet just north of Shakespeare basin at the predicted time.
Credit: NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Carnegie Institution of Washington

Name That Crater On Mercury! MESSENGER Team Opens Public Contest
by ELIZABETH HOWELL on DECEMBER 16, 2014t


The crater Scarlatti (at center) shines clearly in this image of Mercury taken by the MESSENGER spacecraft.
Credit: NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Carnegie Institution of Washington
Here�s your rare chance to leave a lasting mark on a piece of the Solar System. The team behind the MESSENGER spacecraft �
that machine orbiting Mercury since 2011 � is asking the public to help them name craters on the planet, in an open contest.

Get a Change of View of Mercury�s North Pole
by JASON MAJOR on JANUARY 5, 2015


A forced perspective view of Prokofiev crater near Mercury�s north pole
It�s always good to get a little change of perspective, and with this image we achieve just that:
it�s a view of Mercury�s north pole projected as it might be seen from above a slightly more southerly latitude.
Thanks to the MESSENGER spacecraft, with which this image was originally acquired, as well as the Arecibo Observatory here on Earth,
scientists now know that these polar craters contain large deposits of water ice � which may seem surprising on an airless
and searing-hot planet located so close to the Sun but not when you realize that the interiors of these craters never actually receive sunlight.

MORE SURFACE ICE ON MERCURY THAN PREVIOUSLY THOUGHT, SAYS NEW STUDY


View of Mercury's north pole. based on MESSENGER probe data, showing polar deposits of water ice. Credit: NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Carnegie Institution of Washington/National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center, Arecibo Observatory.

Artist�s concept of the MESSENGER spacecraft on approach to Mercury. Credit: NASA/JPL

A view of the crater Prokofiev on Mercury. The crater is the largest one on the planet�s north pole area to have �radar-bright� material, a probable sign of ice. Credit: NASA/JHUAPL/CIW

A forced perspective view of Prokofiev crater near Mercury�s north pole It�s always good to get a little change of perspective, and with this image we achieve just that: it�s a view of Mercury�s north pole projected as it might be seen from above a slightly more southerly latitude. Thanks to the MESSENGER spacecraft, with which this image was originally acquired, as well as the Arecibo Observatory here on Earth, scientists now know that these polar craters contain large deposits of water ice � which may seem surprising on an airless and searing-hot planet located so close to the Sun but not when you realize that the interiors of these craters never actually receive sunlight.

Faces of the Solar System
by DAVID DICKINSON on JULY 28, 2015


Move over, Pluto� Disney already has dibs on Mercury as seen in this MESSENGER photo.
Image credit: NASA/JHAPL/Carnegie institution of Washington

The Stunning Highs and Lows of Mercury


Published on May 6, 2016 Data from NASA�s MESSENGER mission have been used to create this animation of the first global digital elevation model (DEM) of Mercury,
revealing in stunning detail the topography across the entire innermost planet and paving the way for scientists to fully characterize its
geologic history. Mercury�s surface is colored according to the topography of the surface, with regions with higher elevations colored brown,
yellow, and red, and regions with lower elevations shown in blue and purple.
The MESSENGER spacecraft was launched on Aug. 3, 2004, and began orbiting Mercury on March 17, 2011.
It spent four years capturing images and information about the planet closest to the sun in unprecedented detail.
Credits: NASA/U.S. Geological Survey/Arizona State University/Carnegie Institution of Washington/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory
Category Science & Technology License Standard YouTube License

Scientists Create Global Topographic Map of Mercury


A team of scientists from NASA, the U.S. Geological Survey, Arizona State University, Carnegie Institute of Washington
and Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory has created the first global topographic map of the planet Mercury.

Topographic map of Mercury with labeled features. Mercury�s surface is colored according the topography of the surface,
with regions with higher elevations colored brown, yellow and red, and regions with lower elevations appearing blue and purple.
The highest elevation on the planet is located just south of the equator, and about 2.5 miles above Mercury�s average elevation.
The lowest elevation, which is more than three miles below Mercury�s average, is found on the floor of Rachmaninoff basin,
a basin suspected to host some of the most recent volcanic deposits on the planet.
Image credit: NASA / U.S. Geological Survey / Arizona State University / Carnegie Institution of Washington / Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory.

MERCURY IS TECTONICALLY ACTIVE & SHRINKING


New research suggests that NASA is still contracting and shrinking.
Credits: NASA/JHUAPL/Carnegie Institution of Washington/USGS/Arizona State University

Images showing small fault scarps and trough (lower and upper white arrows) found on Mercury;s surface.
Credits: NASA/JHUAPL/Carnegie Institution of Washington/Smithsonian Institution

The MESSENGER spacecraft has been in orbit around Mercury since March 2011.
Credit: NASA/JHU APL/Carnegie Institution of Washington


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SEPTEMBER 5, 2018
Forming Dense Metal Planets like Mercury is Probably Pretty Difficult and Rare in the Universe



FORMING MERCURY BY GIANT IMPACTS (PDF)

The planet Mercury, the closet planet to our Sun, is something of an exercise in extremes. Its days last longer than its years and at any given time, its sun-facing side is scorching hot while its dark side is freezing cold. It is also one of the least understood planets in our Solar System. While it is a terrestrial (i.e. rocky) planet like Earth, Venus and Mars, it has a significantly higher iron-to-rock ratio than the others.

Internal structure of Mercury: 1. Crust: 100�300 km thick 2. Mantle: 600 km thick 3. Core: 1,800 km radius. Credit: NASA/JPL

Artist view of the MESSENGER spacecraft orbiting the innermost planet Mercury. Credit: NASA

Artist�s impression of the impact that caused the formation of the Moon. Credit: NASA/GSFC


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Mercury has Magnetic Poles that Drift Like Earth’s

Thank you NASA Nasa's mission page

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NASA's Messenger page

Earth’s magnetic poles drift over time. This is something that every airplane pilot or navigator knows. They have to account for it when they plan their flights. They drift so much, in fact, that the magnetic poles are in different locations than the geographic poles, or the axis of Earth’s rotation. Today, Earth’s magnetic north pole is 965 kilometres (600 mi) away from its geographic pole. Now a new study says the same pole drifting is occurring on Mercury too.

The Earth’s magnetic poles drift around in relation to the geographic poles. The drift is caused by variations in the flow of the Earth’s liquid core. Image Credit: By Cavit – Own work Observed pole positions taken from Newitt et al., “Location of the North Magnetic Pole in April 2007”, Earth Planets Space, 61, 703–710, 2009 Modeled pole positions taken from the National Geophysical Data Center, “Wandering of the Geomagnetic Poles”Map created with GMT, CC BY 4.0,

Illustration of MESSENGER in orbit around Mercury (NASA/JPL/APL)

The authors of the paper focuses on five impact craters under MESSENGER’s descent trajectory. They’re circled in white in this image. Image Credit: AGU

Mercury’s magnetic field is dipolar, like Earth’s. It’s powerful enough to slow down solar radiation and deflect it. But in the past, according to a new study, it may have been more complicated. Image Credit: Public Domain,

BepiColombo consists of two spacecraft that will orbit Mercury. The Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) follows a larger orbit and investigates the planet’s magnetic field. The Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) traces a lower orbit and is designed to study the planet itself. Credits: ESA, C. Carreau


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Future Missions to Mercury


Mercury Spacecraft Moves To Testing Ahead Of 2016 Launch To Sun�s Closest Planet


Artist�s impression of the European Space Agency�s BepiColombo mission in operation around Mercury. Credit: Astrium After facing down a couple of delays due to technical difficulties, Europe�s and Japan�s first Mercury orbiter is entering some of the final stages ahead of its 2016 launch. Part of the BepiColombo orbiter moved into a European testing facility this past week that will shake, bake and otherwise test the hardware to make sure it�s ready for its extreme mission.

Ariane 5 launches two satellites on 7-year voyage to Mercury

The BepiColombo spacecraft is pictured in launch configuratin shortly before stacking atop the Ariane 5 rocket in French Guiana. Credit: ESA/CNES/Arianespace � Photo Optique Video du CSG � S. Martin

Credit: ESA/CNES/Arianespace � Photo Optique Video du CSG � JM Guillon A powerful European Ariane 5 rocket blasted off from French Guiana late Friday(October 20, 2018) and boosted a pair of satellites into space for a seven-year plunge into the inner solar system, a voyage requiring seven planetary flybys to slow down enough in the sun�s gravitational clutches to slip into orbit around hellish Mercury.

Artist�s concept of the BepiColombo spacecraft arriving at Mercury. Credit: Airbus Defense and Space


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ARTICLES from Universetoday.

UNIVERSETODAY's CATEGORY: MERCURY



UNIVERSETODAY's CATEGORY: METEORS



UNIVERSETODAY's TAG: EXOSPHERE



UNIVERSETODAY's TAG: MERCURY



UNIVERSETODAY's TAG: MESSENGER SPACECRAFT



UNIVERSETODAY's TAG: METEOROIDS




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