Mission to EARTH's Moon


This page was Last updated on March 11, 2023

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PAGE Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION TO THE MOON

Current status of the deep space network

NASA's Digital Orrery

MAST: Barbara A. Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes

Map of the Universe from Johns Hopkins University and others.....

Johns Hopkins University (JHU) continues to pad its space community résumé with their interactive map, “The map of the observable Universe”, that takes viewers on a 13.7-billion-year-old tour of the cosmos from the present to the moments after the Big Bang. While JHU is responsible for creating the site, additional contributions were made by NASA, the European Space Agency, the National Science Foundation, and the Sloan Foundation.

JWST's weekly observing schedule:

NASA's Unverse of Learning
An Integrated AstroPhisics STEM Learning and Literacy program

Speculation

Can We Colonize The Moon By 2024?

From whether we can get to it regularly, to why it would need to be done a certain way, join me as we explore whether we can colonize the moon by 2024( or 2030)To the moon! Subscribe for more videos:

From ISAAC ARTHUR

Industrializing the Moon

We return to the Moon to explore ways to go beyond simple Lunar Bases to a full-fledged productive colony that can help us travel to other worlds and expand our own. Visit our Website: Support us on Patreon: SFIA Merchandise available: Social Media: Facebook Group Reddit: Twitter:on Twitter and RT our future content. SFIA Discord Server: Listen or Download the audio of this episode from Soundcloud: Season 3, episode 20 Written, Produced & Narrated by: Isaac Arthur Cover Art: Jakub Grygier Graphics Team: Jarred Eagley Katie Byrne Misho Yordanov Murat Mamkegh Sergio Botero Stefan Blandin Script Editing: Andy Popescu Connor Hogan Edward Nardella Eustratius Graham Gregory Leal Jefferson Eagley Luca de Rosa Michael Gusevsky MolbOrg Naomi Kern Philip Baldock Sigmund Kopperud Steve Cardon Tiffany Penner Music: Dexter Britain, "Seeing the Future" Markus Junnikkala, "A Memory of Earth" Dan McLeod, "Mysterious Universe" Sergey Cheremisinov, "Labyrinth" Kai Engel, "December" Dan McLeod, "Calculations" Brandon Liew, "Into the Storm" Caption author (Korean) D Shin Caption author (Portuguese) João Gomes Caption author (Spanish (Latin America)) Spanish Subs Caption author (Russian) Orpheus Caption author (Hungarian) Kilakikitt33 Caption author (Hebrew)

Moon: Industrial Complex

Visit our sponsor, Brilliant: The Moon is gateway to space, and in the future it might serve as an industrial and mining complex fueling vast production of spaceships, rocket fuel, satellites, space stations, and colonial habitats. Social Media: Facebook Group Reddit: Twitter:on Twitter and RT our future content. SFIA Discord Server: Listen or Download the audio of this episode from Soundcloud: Episode's Audio-only version: Episode's Narration-only version: Credits: Moon: Industrial Complex Episode 221; Jan 16, 2020 Writers: Isaac Arthur Keith Blockus Editors: Jerry Guern S. Kopperud S. Graham Produced & Narrated by Isaac Arthur Cover Art: Jakub Grygier Graphics: Andy Nelson Jarred Eagley Justin Dixon Ken York Kristijan Tavcar Sergio Botero Space Resources CGI Tytus Grabowski Udo Schroeter d Music Courtesy of Epidemic Sound

Artist’s impression of the huge impact that is believed have formed the Moon roughly 4.5 billion years ago. Credit: Joe Tucciarone


INFOGRAPHIC TO THE MOON

Earthrise: A Video Reconstruction

Credit: NASA, SVS, Apollo 8 Crew Lead Animator: Ernie Wright (USRA) Music: C Major Prelude by J. S. Bach Details: Category Science & Technology License Creative Commons Attribution license (reuse allowed)

NASA's travel poster to Earth's Moon

Soft Landings on the Moon

Should We Go to Mars or Back to the Moon?

Published on Dec 3, 2015 When humans finally blast off for another world, where will we be going? Will we return to the Moon,
and take over where the Apollo astronauts left off, or will we press onto Mars, and set foot on a whole new planet?


A great new Moon Resource It'The Chang’E-1 Topographic Atlas of the Moon
Authors: Li, C., Liu, J., Mu, L., Ren, X., Zuo, W.

This atlas is based on the lunar global Digital Elevation Models (DEM) of Chang'E-1 (CE-1), and presents CCD stereo image data with digital photogrammetry. The spatial resolution of the DEM in this atlas is 500m, with horizontal accuracy of 192m and vertical accuracy of 120m. Color-shaded relief maps with contour lines are used to show the lunar topographical characteristics. The topographical data gathered by CE-1 can provide fundamental information for the study of lunar topographical, morphological and geological structures, as well as for lunar evolution research.


MOON INFOGRAPHICS

There Could Be Lava Tubes on the Moon, Large Enough for Whole Cities
by Matt Williams on April 7, 2015


Rima Ariadaeus, a linear rile (a surface channel thought to be formed by lava) on the Moon?s surface,
as photographed from Apollo 10. Credit: NASA

Here is Earth rise from the Japanese Kaguya Mission

The Ladee Mission on the Moon



How Much It Costs To Live On The Moon???


Is our future really on the moon? Let's take a look at how much it would cost us to fly 238,900 miles to the moon and set up shop. CREDIT:MAKEUSOF

An early lunar outpost design based on a module design (1990). Credit: NASA/Cicorra Kitmacher

pectra gathered by the NASA Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3) on India’s Chandrayaan-1 mission, showing the presence of water
in Moon’s polar regions.
Credit: ISRO/NASA/JPL-Caltech/Brown University/USGS

Hydrogen detected in the polar regions of the Moon point towards the presence of water. Credit: NASA

Artist concept of a base on the Moon. Credit: NASA, via Wikipedia

Schematic showing the stream of charged hydrogen ions carried from the Sun by the solar wind. Credit: University of Maryland/F. Merlin/McREL]

The lunar reconnaissance Orbiter

IMAGES


Moon Mystery Solved! Apollo Rocket Impact Site Finally Foun

Here is NASA's NASA's Transient Lunar events report


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Gravity of the moon

Grail's Video Gravity Map of the moon

Published on May 22, 2013 This movie shows the variations in the lunar gravity field as measured by NASA's Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) during the primary mapping mission from March to May 2012. Very precise microwave measurements between two spacecraft, named Ebb and Flow, were used to map gravity with high precision and high spatial resolution. The field shown resolves blocks on the surface of about 12 miles (20 kilometers) and measurements are three to five orders of magnitude improved over previous data. Red corresponds to mass excesses and blue corresponds to mass deficiencies. The map shows more small-scale detail on the far side of the moon compared to the nearside because the far side has many more small craters. Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MIT/GSFC Category Science & Technology License Standard YouTube License

GRAIL DATA POINTS TO POSSIBLE LAVA TUBES ON THE MOON

Map showing variations in the lunar gravity field, as measured by NASA's Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) .
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MIT/GSFC

High-resolution of the Marius Hills pit, which lies over a possible lava tube in an ancient volcanic region
of the Moon called the Marius Hills.
Credit: NASA/GSFC/ASU

Artist concept of the GRAIL mission, twin spacecraft that fly in tandem around the Moon to measure its gravity field.
Credit: NASA/JPL Much like Earth, the moon’s gravitational field is affected by masses below the surface.
“Any gravitational field is affected by the density of material,” said Sood. “If you are flying the spacecraft over a block
of dense material, it will experience an increase in gravitational pull in contrary to flying over a lava tube void,
in which case there will be a decrease in gravitational attraction experienced by the spacecraft.”

STABLE LAVA TUBE COULD PROVIDE A POTENTIAL HUMAN HABITAT ON THE MOON

The Marius Hills Skylight, as observed by the Japanese SELENE/Kaguya research team. Image by: NASA/Goddard/Arizona State University

Marius Hills, which shows multiple lunar domes and two large sinuous rilles.
Credit: NASA/LPI “[W]e have to remember that gravity is non-unique,” Sood added, “which means, in order to support our findings
and to add to our ongoing efforts, our team is considering a ground penetrating radar that will probe the lunar
subsurface from orbit. The goal of the radar would be to confirm the presence of the potential lava tube candidates
that we have detected so far, and in addition, look for smaller lava tubes that were beyond the resolution of GRAIL gravity data.”

Artist’s impression of a surface exploration crew investigating a typical, small lava tunnel, to determine if it could serve as a natural shelter for the habitation modules of a Lunar Base. Credit: NASA’s Johnson Space Center

Arched passages in the main tube show the classic lava tube shape. The floor was the crust on a former lava lake that fell inward as it drained from beneath. Credit: Dave Bunnell/Under Earth Images/Wikipedia Commons

Artist’s impression of a lava tube measuring several kms wide, with the city of Philadelphia shown inside for scale:
Purdue University/David Blair Each of these holes could lead to subsurface voids or caverns, which range in diameter from about 16 feet (5 meters)
to more than 2,950 feet (900 m). Assuming that just a fraction of these lead to underground tubes that are large enough
to house an entire Earth city, there would be no shortage of possible settlement sites if and when it comes time to colonize the Moon.

There’s Now an Operational Radio Telescope on the Far Side of the Moon

The Chang’e-4 mission, the fourth installment in the Chinese Lunar Exploration Program, has made some significant achievements since it launched in December of 2018. In January of 2019, the mission lander and its Yutu 2 (Jade Rabbit 2) rover became the first robotic explorers to achieve a soft landing on the far side of the Moon. Around the same time, it became the first mission to grow plants on the Moon (with mixed results).

Chinese Mission Change-4



  • Information on Chinese Mission Change-4

  • This series of three photographs was taken during the unfolding of an antenna on the Queqiao satellite. Credit and ©: Marc Klein Wolt/Radboud University

    Queqiao relay satellite enters L2 orbit

    Queqiao (鹊桥, “Magpie Bridge”), the relay satellite for the Chang'e-4 lunar mission, entered the planned halo orbit around the second Lagrangian (L2) point of the Earth-Moon system, about 65,000 km from the Moon, on 14 June 2018, at 03:06 UTC (11:06 Beijing time). Queqiao was launched by a Long March-4C launch vehicle on 20 May 2018, at 21:28 UTC (21 May, at 05:28 local time) and will provide relay communications for the Chang'e-4 lunar mission (lander and rover), expected to be launched later this year to the Aitken Basin, in the south pole region of the Moon.

    With Thanks to:

    Radboud University of the Netherlands

    Dutch antennas unfolded behind the moon

    The three antennas on the Dutch-Chinese radio telescope, which is currently located behind the moon, have been unfolded. This was officially announced today by the Dutch team. The Netherlands-China Low Frequency Explorer (NCLE) hung in space waiting for over a year. This was longer than initially planned, as the accompanying communications satellite had to assist a Chinese lunar lander for a longer time.

    NCLE - THE NETHERLANDS - CHINA LOW FREQUENCY EXPLORER



    Chang'e 4 relay satellite, Queqiao: A bridge between Earth and the mysterious lunar farside


  • Information on Chang'e 4 relay satellite, Queqiao: A bridge between Earth and the mysterious lunar farside

  • The Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope



    The European VLBI Network

    Website of The European VLBI Network

    The Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope


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    Orbital ATK's Mission Proposal

    ORBITAL ATK PROPOSES MAN-TENDED LUNAR-ORBIT OUTPOST BY 2020 FOR LINK UP WITH NASA’S ORION

    Artist rendering of Orbital ATK concept for an initial lunar habitat outpost, as it would appear with NASA’s Orion spacecraft in 2021.
    Credit: Orbital ATK


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    NASA's MoonBase Proposal

    MOONBASE BY 2022 FOR $10 BILLION, SAYS NASA 23 Mar , 2016 by Matt Williams

    Based on a series of articles that were recently made available to the public,
    NASA predicts it could build a base on the Moon by 2022, and for cheaper than expected.
    Credit: NASA

    Artist’s concept for a Lunar base. Credit: NASA

    Artist’s concept for a lunar base built through in-situ-resource utilization (ISRU)
    and a form of 3D printing known as contour-crafitng.
    Credit: NASA

    A lunar base as imagined by NASA in the 1970s, with a Mass Driver extending to the horizon. Credit: NASA

    A lunar base could exist by 2022, and for cheaper than you expect. Credit: Kcida10

    A lunar base could exist by 2022, and for cheaper than you expect. Credit: Kcida10

    Lunar footprint from the Apollo missions. Credit: NASA

    This shaded relief image shows the Moon’s Shackleton Crater, a 21-km-wide crater permanently shadowed crater near the lunar south pole. The crater’s interior structure is shown in false color based on data from NASA’s LRO probe. Credit: NASA

    Here’s a Clever idea. Build Moon Bases in Craters and then Fill them in with Lunar Regolith

    In the coming decades, multiple space agencies are planning to send astronauts to the lunar surface. More than that, between the European Space Agency (ESA), the China National Space Administration (CNSA) and Roscomos, there are multiple plans to construct permanent outposts on the Moon. Perhaps the best-known of these is the ESA’s plan to build an International Lunar Village


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    Bigelow and ULA/Future Missions

    BIGELOW AND ULA ARE SENDING A HABITAT TO LUNAR ORBIT BY 2022

    Bigelow Lunar Outpost. Credit: Bigelow Aerospace

    Lunar. Sooner.™

    Bigelow Aerospace & United Launch Alliance have an agreement to push for the creation of an orbiting Lunar Depot See Full Press Release Here:

    Interior schematic view of Bigelow Aerospace B330 expandable module. Credit: Bigelow Aerospace

    View of the Vulcan Rocket. Credit: ULA

    LAVA TUBE OPENINGS FOUND NEAR THE MOON’S NORTH POLE

    Artist's impression of a lunar base created with 3-d printing techniques. Credits: ESA/Foster + Partners

    NASA Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter image showing some of the newly discovered lava tube skylight candidates at Philolaus Crater near the North Pole of the Moon. Credit: NASA/LRO/SETI Institute/Mars Institute/Pascal Lee

    Philolaus Traverse from SETI on Vimeo.

    Polar Caves on the Moon? - Pascal Lee from SETI on Vimeo.

    4G Mission to the Moon

    The Moon will get 4G coverage next year(2019), 50 years after the first NASA astronauts walked on its surface. Vodafone plans to create the first 4G network on the Moon to support a mission by PTScientists in 2019 and has today appointed Nokia as its technology partner. Berlin-based company, PTScientists is working with Vodafone Germany and Audi to achieve the first privately-funded Moon landing. Mission to the Moon is due to launch in 2019 from Cape Canaveral on a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket. Vodafone’s network expertise will be used to set up the Moon’s first 4G network, connecting two Audi lunar quattro rovers to a base station in the Autonomous Landing and Navigation Module (ALINA). Nokia, through Nokia Bell Labs, will create a space-grade Ultra Compact Network that will be the lightest ever developed - weighing less than one kilo, the same as a bag of sugar. The 4G network will enable the Audi lunar quattro rovers to communicate and transfer scientific data and HD video while they carefully approach and study NASA’s Apollo 17 lunar roving vehicle that was used by the last astronauts to walk on the Moon (Commander Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt) to explore the Taurus-Littrow valley in December 1972.


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    DUST OFF YOUR LUNAR COLONY PLANS. THERE’S DEFINITELY ICE AT THE MOON’S POLES.

    Image showing the distribution of surface ice at the Moon's south pole (left) and north pole (right), detected by NASA's Moon Mineralogy Mapper instrument. Credits: NASA

    Direct evidence of surface exposed water ice in the lunar polar regions (PDF)

    A map showing the permanently shadowed regions (blue) that cover about 3 percent of the moon’s south pole. Credit: NASA Goddard/LRO mission

    Exposed water ice (green or blue dots) in lunar polar regions and temperature. Credit: Shuai Li

    Shackleton Crater

    This visualization, created using Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter laser altimeter data, offers a view of Shackleton Crater located in the south pole of the moon. Thanks to these measurements, we now have our best-yet maps of the crater's permanently-shadowed interior! Note: This video contains no audio.

    NASA | Water on the Moon

    Since the 1960's, scientists have suspected that frozen water could survive in cold, dark craters at the Moon's poles. While previous lunar missions have detected hints of water on the Moon, new data from the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) pinpoints areas near the south pole where water is likely to exist. The key to this discovery is hydrogen, the main ingredient in water: LRO uses its Lunar Exploration Neutron Detector, or LEND, to measure how much hydrogen is trapped within the lunar soil. By combining years of LEND data, scientists see mounting evidence of hydrogen-rich areas near the Moon's south pole, strongly suggesting the presence of frozen water. This video is public domain and can be downloaded at: Like our videos? Subscribe to NASA's Goddard Shorts HD podcast: Or find NASA Goddard Space Flight Center on facebook: Or find us on Twitter:

    Want to Mine Ice on the Moon? Scientists Create a Map for Where to Start

    The first lunar maps consisted of simply the best images of the Moon from Earth-based telescopes, which were converted to provide necessary information for the Apollo astronauts. But whenever the next lunar explorers arrive, they’ll have incredibly detailed topographic maps of the Moon’s surface, thanks to the high-resolution cameras and instruments on board satellites like the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter. LRO’s Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter (LOLA) zaps the Moon an incredible 140 times every second, measuring the ups and downs, nooks and crannies on the lunar surface to an accuracy within four inches.

    Lunar Craters as imaged by NASA’s Moon Mineralogy Mapper. Image Credit: SRO/NASA/JPL-Caltech/USGS/Brown Univ.

    The locations of the Diviner LCROSS impact swaths overlain on a grayscale daytime thermal map of the Moon’s south polar region. Diviner data were used to help select the final LCROSS impact site inside Cabeus Crater, which sampled an extremely cold region in permanent shadow that can serve as an effective cold trap for water ice and other frozen volatiles. Credit NASA/GSFC/UCLA


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    SEPTEMBER 18, 2018 BY MATT WILLIAMS
    Elon Musk Reveals who the First Lunar Tourist Will Be

    Ever since Elon Musk announced the latest addition to the SpaceX rocket family back in September of 2016, the general public and space community has been eagerly awaiting updates on its progress. Known as the Big Falcon Rocket (BFR), this massive launch vehicle is central to Musk’s plan of conducting space tourism with flights into orbit and to the Moon. It is also intrinsic to his vision of sending astronauts and colonists to Mars.

    Graphic showing the various stages of the BFR’s first lunar mission. Credit: SpaceX

    #dearMoon Project

    New space-inspired art project #dearMoon hosted by Yusaku Maezawa,Japanese entrepreneur. To launch it, project introduction movie aired at a press conference with Mr. Elon Musk at September 17, 2018 SpaceX HQ. Credit: SpaceX


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    The Blue Origins Founder Wants to Get to the Moon by 2024

    Blue Origin is going to the Moon. In an hour-long presentation in Washington DC on May 9,2019 Jeff Bezos spelled out his plans for reaching the Moon, confirming what many guessed he was hinting at in a tweet from the previous week.

    An artist’s illustration of the Blue Moon lander. On its top deck are four rovers for deployment on the surface. Image Credit: Blue Origin

    Introducing Blue Moon

    Blue Moon is a flexible lander delivering a wide variety of small, medium and large payloads to the lunar surface. Its capability to provide precise and soft landings will enable a sustained human presence on the Moon. Learn more at

    An illustration of the larger version of the Blue Moon lander. Note the ascent vehicle mounted on top. Image Credit: Blue Origin.

    Going to Space to Benefit Earth (Full Event Replay)

    On May 9, 2019, our founder discussed his vision to go to space to benefit Earth. In addition, he also announced the Blue Moon lunar lander, which is capable of taking people and payloads to the lunar surface. Below you’ll find more information about these announcements. Blue Moon lunar lander: Blue Origin announced Blue Moon, its large lunar lander capable of delivering multiple metric tons of payload to the lunar surface based on configuration and mission. The cargo variant revealed today can carry 3.6 metric tons to the surface. We have also designed a variant of the lander that can stretch to be capable of carrying a 6.5-metric-ton, human-rated ascent stage. Blue also announced it can meet the current Administration's goal of putting Americans on the Moon by 2024 with the Blue Moon lunar lander. BE-7 engine: The Blue Moon lunar lander will be powered by the BE-7 engine, a new addition to Blue Origin’s family of engines. The BE-7’s 40 kN (10,000 lbf) thrust is designed for large lunar payload transport. The engine’s propellants are a highly-efficient combination of liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen. The BE-7 will have its first hotfire this summer. The engine will be available for sale to other companies for use in in-space and lander applications. Club For the Future: A non-profit founded by Blue Origin dedicated to inspiring and engaging the next generation of dreamers and space entrepreneurs as we journey to preserve Earth and unlock the potential of living and working in space. The Club will bring together K-12 students, educators and leaders for campaigns and initiatives utilizing Blue Origin’s unique access to space. The Club’s first activity will be to send a postcard to space and back on a future New Shepard mission—the first ever space mail. Learn more on the website Follow @ClubforFuture on Twitter and Instagram.


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    MOONRISE: Melting lunar regolith with lasers to build structures on the Moon

    Moon Rise Logo

    The Moon is not just Earth’s closest celestial neighbor. It’s also a natural waypoint for any mission that will be going to Mars or beyond in the coming years. It’s little wonder then why space agencies like NASA, Roscosmos, the ESA and China are hoping to send crewed missions there in the near future and construct bases that could be used to resupply and refuel missions headed to deep space.

    An illustration of a Moon base that could be built using 3D printing and ISRU, In-Situ Resource Utilization. Credit: RegoLight, visualization: Liquifer Systems Group, 2018

    Artist’s rendition of the ESA’s International Moon Village. Credit: ESA/Foster + Partners

    Artist’s concept for a lunar base built by construction robots and a form of 3D printing known as contour-crafting. Credit: NASA


    ARTICLE



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    Toyota is Building a Pressurized Lunar Rover for Japan

    JAXA, the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, is teaming up with the nation’s largest company to build a lunar rover. Toyota, the second largest automobile company in the world (only Volkswagen makes more cars) has signed a development deal with JAXA that will last three years. The goal? To design, build, test and evaluate prototypes for a pressurized, crewed lunar vehicle that runs on fuel-cells.

    An artist’s illustration of the lunar rover. Image Credit: JAXA/Toyota

    NASA’s Lunar Roving Vehicle at its final resting place on the Moon. It looks primitive compared to the proposed Toyota/JAXA vehicle. Image Credit: By NASA/Dave Scott; – cropped by User:Bubba73 < (direct link),/A> Public Domain,(WKIPEDIA)

    An artist’s illustration of the proposed rover, with an astronaut for scale. Image Credit: JAXA/Toyota

    An artist’s illustration of the lunar rover with fuel cells. Image Credit: JAXA/Toyota

    ARTICLE

    JAXA and Toyota Commence Joint Research into Manned Pressurized Rover (PDF)

    Pressurized Rover Movie

    okyo, Japan, March 12, 2019―The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and Toyota Motor Corporation (Toyota) announce their agreement today to consider the possibility of collaborating on international space exploration. As a first step, JAXA and Toyota have reached agreement to further cooperate on and accelerate their ongoing joint study of a manned, pressurized rover that employs fuel cell electric vehicle technologies. Such a form of mobility is deemed necessary for human exploration activities on the lunar surface. Even with the limited amount of energy that can be transported to the moon, the pressurized rover would have a total lunar-surface cruising range of more than 10,000 km. More information: Toyota Motor Corporation Official Global Website: Toyota Motor Corporation on Twitter:

    NASA is Testing a Rover That Could Search For Water Ice on The Moon
    Volatiles Investigating Polar Exploration Rover, (The VIPER PROJECT)

    In the coming years, NASA will be sending astronauts back to the Moon for the first time since the last Apollo mission took place in 1972. Back in May, NASA announced that the plan – which is officially known as Project Artemis – was being expedited and would take place in the next five years. In accordance with the new timeline, Artemis will involve sending the first woman and next man to the Moon’s southern polar region by 2024.

    Conceptual illustration of permanently shadowed, shallow icy craters near the lunar south pole. Credits: UCLA/NASA

    A VIPER mobility testbed, an engineering model created to evaluate the rover’s mobility system. Credits: NASA/Johnson Space Center

    Artist’s illustration of Project Artemis lunar lander. Credit: NASA

    NASA is sending a rover to hunt for water on the Moon

    NASA is sending a mobile robot to the south pole of the Moon to get a close-up view of the location and concentration of water ice in the region and for the first time ever, actually sample the water ice at the same pole where the first woman and next man will land in 2024 under the Artemis program. About the size of a golf cart, the Volatiles Investigating Polar Exploration Rover, or VIPER, will roam several miles, using its four science instruments — including a 1-meter drill — to sample various soil environments. Planned for delivery in December 2022, VIPER will collect about 100 days of data that will be used to inform development of the first global water resource maps of the Moon. : Learn more Video credit: NASA/Ames Research Center The video may be downloaded at:


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    A Mass concentration on our Moon

    Thank you NASA and he USA taxpayer & The Federal Reserve creating money out of thin air- The Grail Mission


  • Information on Thank you NASA and he USA taxpayer & The Federal Reserve creating money out of thin air-


  • That Explains a Lot. The Moon’s Largest Crater has a Chunk of Metal Embedded
    in it That’s 5 Times Bigger than the Big Island of Hawaii

    A false-colour graphic of the far side of the Moon showing the impact crater. Image Credit: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center/University of Arizona

    This image shows mantle mass excess per unit area. A large excess of mass in the southern interior of the South Pole-Aitken basin coincides with the central depression, outlined here with a dashed gray circle. Black lines mark the best fit ellipses for the South Pole-Aitken basin’s inner ring, outer ring, and exterior scarp. Image Credit: James et. al., 2019.

    The gravity map of the Moon created by GRAIL. Red represents mass excesses, and blue represents mass deficiencies. Image Credit: By NASA/JPL-Caltech/MIT/GSFC – GRAIL’s Gravity Map of the Moon, , Public Domain

    A schematic of the structure of the Moon. Image Credit: By Bryan Derksen at English Wikipedia – Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons by Liftarn using CommonsHelper., Public Domain,

    Another image of the South Pole-Aitken basin from Japan’s Kaguya probe. By Ittiz – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,

    A side by side comparison of SPA (right) and the Moon’s Orientale Basin (left.) Note the bullseye pattern in the Orientale impact basin,a nd the absence of a bullseye pattern in the SPA basin. Image Credit: NASA/GRAIL


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    With Thanks to NASA's Fermi's GAMMA RAY OBSERVATORY

    When it Comes to Gamma Radiation, the Moon is Actually Brighter Than the Sun

    The eerie, hellish glow coming from the Moon may seem unreal in this image, since it’s invisible to our eyes. But instruments that detect gamma rays tell us it’s real. More than just a grainy, red picture, it’s a vivid reminder that there’s more going on than meets human eyes. It’s also a reminder that any humans that visit the Moon need to be protected from this high-energy radiation.

    An artist’s concept of an active galactic nuclei hosting an energetic blazar. Active galacitc nuclei are one source of cosmic rays. When those rays strike the Moon, gamma rays are created. Credit: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab.

    The Moon shines brightly in gamma rays as seen in this time sequence from NASA’s Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope. Each 5-by-5-degree image is centered on the Moon and shows gamma rays with energies above 31 million electron volts, or tens of millions of times that of visible light. At these energies, the Moon is actually brighter than the Sun. Brighter colors indicate greater numbers of gamma rays. This animation shows how longer exposure, ranging from two to 128 months (10.7 years), improved the view. Credit: NASA/DOE/Fermi LAT Collaboration

    The Moon shines brightly in gamma rays as seen in this time sequence from NASA’s Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope. Each 5-by-5-degree image is centered on the Moon and shows gamma rays with energies above 31 million electron volts, or tens of millions of times that of visible light. At these energies, the Moon is actually brighter than the Sun. Brighter colors indicate greater numbers of gamma rays. This animation shows how longer exposure, ranging from two to 128 months (10.7 years), improved the view. Credit: NASA/DOE/Fermi LAT Collaboration

    The Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Observatory is not the only observatory to see the Moon’s gamma radiation. The Compton Gamma Ray Observatory captured this image of the Moon’s gamma rays. Image Credit: By D. J. Thompson, D. L. Bertsch (NASA/GSFC), D. J. Morris (UNH), R. Mukherjee (NASA/GSFC/USRA) Public Domain,

    The Sun’s magnetic field varies in both strength and complexity during its 11-year cycle. This comparison shows the relative complexity of the solar magnetic field between January 2011 (left) and July 2014. In January 2011, three years after solar minimum, the field is still relatively simple, with open field lines concentrated near the poles . At solar maximum, in July 2014, the structure is much more complex, with closed and open field lines poking out all over.

    If we saw the sky in gamma rays, the same way the Fermi Space Telescope does, it would be unrecognizable. This image was constructed from six years of Fermi observations. It shows the entire sky at energies between 50 billion (GeV) and 2 trillion electron volts (TeV). The bright band in the middle is the central plane of the Milky Way. Some of the brightest sources are pulsar wind nebulae and supernova remnants within our galaxy, as well as distant galaxies called blazars powered by supermassive black holes. Labels show the highest-energy sources, all located within our galaxy and emitting gamma rays exceeding 1 TeV. Image Credit: NASA/DOE/Fermi LAT Collaboration

    When it Comes to Gamma Radiation, the Moon is Actually Brighter Than the Sun


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    The Spaceline: an Elevator From the Earth to the Moon –

    Artist’s impression of a possible Space Elevator. Credit: NASA

    What Is A Space Elevator?

    In this short video explainer, Universe Today publisher Fraser Cain explains the interesting idea of space elevators. Could a tether from the surface of the Earth carry satellites into space?

    Artist’s concept for a lunar elevator. Credit: Liftport/Michael Laine

    Illustration of the Spaceline, an alternative to a Space Elevator. Credit: Penoyre & Standford (2019)

    A team of NASA engineers has fashioned the world’s first telescope mirrors made from carbon nanotubes. Credit: NASA

    Artist’s illustration showing the location of the Sun-Earth Lagrange Points. Credit: NASA

    Report on moonline - by Zephyr Penoyre1 and Emily Sandford2 Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0HA, United Kingdom and Dept. of Astronomy, Columbia University, 550 W. 120th Street, New York NY 10027, USA

    THE SPACELINE: A PRACTICAL SPACE ELEVATOR ALTERNATIVE ACHIEVABLE WITH CURRENT TECHNOLOGY (PDF)


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    Robotic Spiders to Explore the Moon? Yes, Please!

    There is no doubt that one of the hallmarks of the modern space age is the way it is becoming increasingly democratic. In addition to more space agencies entering the fray, private aerospace companies are contributing like never before. It is no surprise then that there are innovators and entrepreneurs that want to increase public access and participation in space exploration.

    Spacebit’s ultimate goal is to democratize space exploration by sending missions to the Moon, Mars, and beyond. Credit: Spacebit

    Artist’s impression of the ULA Vulcan Centaur launching. Credit: ULA

    Artist’s impression of Astrobiotic’s Peregrine lander on the Moon. Credit: Astrobiotic

    Spacebit - Democratising Space Exploration

    For more information - visit our official website

    The Space Bit Website

    Spcebit's website


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    Lockheed Martin Unveils Their Proposal For a Lunar Lander

    Thank You Lockheed Martin


  • Information on Thank You Lockheed Martin

  • In the coming decades, NASA has ambitious plans to send astronauts back to the Moon and conduct the first crewed mission to Mars. In order to accomplish these lofty goals, the agency is investing in cutting-edge technology and partnering with major aerospace companies to create the necessary spacecraft and mission components.

    Artist’s concept of the lunar lander mated to the Lunar Orbital Platform-Gateway. Credit: Lockheed Martin

    Artist’s concept of the lunar lander and crew on the lunar surface. Credit: Lockheed Martin

    Crewed Lunar Lander Concept from Lockheed Martin Space on Vimeo.


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    SpaceX is Sure They’ll be Able to Land Starship on the Moon in 2022

    With thanks to the Private Company SPACEX

    Spacex's website

    Things are looking pretty good for Elon Musk and SpaceX, the company he founded back in 2002 with the intent of reinvigorating space exploration. In the last six months alone, SpaceX has deployed the first batch of its Starlink broadband internet satellites to space, conducted two successful untethered tests with the Starship Hopper, and finished work on the first orbital-class Starship test vehicle (the Mk.1).

    Stainless Steel Starship on the Moon. Credit: SpaceX

    Artist’s illustration of a SpaceX Starship lands on Mars. Credit: SpaceX

    Artist’s impression of the stainless steel Starship and Super Heavy launch system in orbit. Credit: SpaceX


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    Mineral Resources of our Moon

    Want to Mine the Moon? Here’s a Detailed Map of all its Minerals

    The prospect of mining asteroids and the Moon is on a lot of peoples’ minds lately. Maybe it’s all the growth that’s happened in the commercial aerospace industry in the past few decades. Or perhaps it’s because of Trump’s recent executive order to allow for asteroid and lunar mining. Either way, there is no shortage of entrepreneurs and futurists who can’t wait to start prospecting and harvest the natural bounty of space!

    See USGS’ new geologic map of the moon | Science News

    Different colors on a new geologic map of the moon designate different types of rock and sediment formations on the moon. For instance, craters associated with the Eratosthenian period on the moon (about 3.2 billion to 1.1 billion years ago) are typically marked green. Craters from the older Imbrian period (around 3.9 billion to 3.2 billion years ago) are generally painted blue. Read more: Video: GSFC/NASA, USGS

    The full map and descriptions of mineral deposits. Credit: USGS/USRA

    Illustration of Artemis astronauts on the Moon. Credits: NASA


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    India's ISRO (India Space Research Organization)

    India's Chandrayaan 2 Reveals Highest Resolution Images Of The Moon From Orbit

    India's Chandrayaan 2 has been orbiting the moon for over a year but hasn't been sharing the data with the world until just before Christmas. I'd been hoping that the high resolution camera would let us see things on the moon in a detail we'd not seen before, but it appears that they've only shared 3 images and 2 of those are blurry. Still I hope this is a start and we'll be seeing more data in the future. Data is available from:


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    Chefs on the Moon Will be Cooking up Rocks to Make air and Water

    NASA has delayed their Artemis mission to the Moon, but that doesn’t mean a return to the Moon isn’t imminent. Space agencies around the world have their sights set on our rocky satellite. No matter who gets there, if they’re planning for a sustained presence on the Moon, they’ll require in-situ resources.

    An Apollo 17 astronaut digs in the lunar regolith to study the mechanical behaviour of moon dust. Credit: NASA


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    Lunar Landers Could Spray Instant Landing Pads as They Arrive at the Moon

    MATSEN SPACE SYSTEMS



    Artist depiction of a lunar lander utilizes the FAST landing pad deposition technology. Credit – Masten Space Systems

    Graphic showing the difference between landing with or without the deposition system. Credit – Masten Space Systems

    Graphic showing the whole system process of the FAST particle injector. Credit – Master Space Systems

    Example of how much dust can be kicked up even on Earth as one of Masten’s rockets is test fired. Credit – Masten Space Systems

    Example of the effects of an alumina plate, similar to what would be deposited on the moon’s surface in a fully scaled up system. An infrared image of the rocket exhaust can be seen to the right. Credit – Masten Space Systems


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    NASA’s Target for Landing the First Artemis Astronauts on the Moon Slips to 2025

    An artist’s conception shows SpaceX’s Starship on the lunar surface. Credit: SpaceX via NASA.

    People of Artemis

    The Moon has inspired and beckoned generations to explore. NASA’s Artemis I mission will forge a new path to the Moon, charting a course for a new, diverse generation of explorers. We’ll develop the cutting-edge technology we'll need to venture even farther – to Mars and beyond. The Artemis I rocket and spacecraft are now combined and undergoing final testing at Kennedy Space Center in Florida, where it will soon launch on the first in a series of increasingly ambitious missions. Thanks to the daily efforts of NASA and its international and industry team members, our dreams are poised to take flight. We are going. Producer: Barbara Zelon, Alysia Lee Writer & Director: Paul Wizikowski Editor: Phil Sexton Sound Mix: Eric Land Lunar Photography: Andrew McCarthy Workforce Photography: NASA, ESA Narrator: NASA Astronaut Victor Glover

    NASA’s Space Launch System rocket for the Artemis 1 mission stands tall in the Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center. (NASA Photo / Frank Michaux)


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    CAPSTONE
    ous Positioning System Technology Operations and Navigation Experiment

    Rocket Lab Launches NASA’s CAPSTONE Mission to the Moon

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    A microwave oven–sized cubesat launched to space today from New Zealand by commercial company Rocket Lab and their Electron rocket. The small satellite will conduct tests to make sure the unique lunar orbit for NASA’s future Lunar Gateway is actually stable.

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    Illustration of the Gateway. Built with commercial and international partners, the Gateway is critical to sustainable lunar exploration and will serve as a model for future missions to Mars. Credit: NASA

    In this illustration, NASA’s Orion spacecraft approaches the Gateway in lunar orbit. Credits: NASA

    P>

    An image of the Cislunar Autonomous Positioning System Technology Operations and Navigation Experiment, or CAPSTONE, launching aboard Rocket Lab’s Electron rocket from the Rocket Lab Launch Complex 1 on the Mahia Peninsula of New Zealand Tuesday, June 28, 2022. Credit: Rocket Lab

    Animation of the CAPSTONE mission in orbit of the Moon. Credits: NASA/Daniel Rutter


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    Phew, NASA’s CAPSTONE is no Longer Tumbling in Space

    Artist rendition of the CAPSTONE mission. Credit: Advanced Space.

    CAPSTONE mission timeline. Credit: Advanced Space and Terran Orbital.


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    NASA Funds the Development of a Nuclear Reactor on the Moon That Would Last for 10 Years

    Concept art of a fission reactor on the surface of the moon. Credit – NASA If NASA’s Artemis project to return to the Moon permanently is going to succeed, it will need a lot of power. Shipping traditional fossil fuels up there is impractical, and surface solar cells won’t work for the two weeks that a given side of the Moon is shadowed. So the best option may be to set up a nuclear power station. NASA solicited some ideas along those lines with a preliminary design request for proposal – and they recently announced that three groups would each receive $5 million to develop preliminary designs for surface-based lunar fission reactors.

    The Problem of Power in Space. NASA's New Kilopower Reactor

    Space is the worst. It’s got hostile radiation, a total lack of atmosphere, near absolute zero temperatures, problematic gravity wells, and worse. In order to keep your spacecraft alive in that environment, you need electricity to keep it warm. Not to mention all the power to run scientific instruments and the transmitters to send that data home. Getting enough power in space is a big problem. Audio Podcast version: ITunes: https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/universe-today-podcasts-with-fraser-cain/id794058155?mt=2 RSS: https://www.universetoday.com/audio Video Podcast version: ITunes: https://podcasts.apple.com/bh/podcast/universe-today-video/id794057165?mt=2 RSS: https://www.universetoday.com/video What is Fraser's Watching Playlist: Universetoday's youtube channel Sign up to my weekly email newsletter: Weekly Space Hangout: Astronomy Cast: Support us at:Support us at: Follow us on Tumblr: More stories at Team: Fraser Cain - @fcain / frasercain@gmail.com /Karla Thompson - @karlaii Chad Weber - Chloe Cain - Instagram: @chloegwen2001 Chloe Cain - Instagram: @chloegwen2001 References: About the Space Station Solar Arrays ESA's 30% efficiency solar cell Technologies for Severe Environments for the Mars Exploration Rover Mission: Powering the Voyager Spacecraft with Radiation: The RTG (Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator) NASA's Juno Spacecraft Breaks Solar Power Distance Record Wolfram Alpha distance to voyager 1 in light hours Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (RTG) What is a Multi-Mission a Radioisotpe Thermoelectic Generator? (PDF) Ideas for new NASA mission can now include spacecraft powered by plutonium NASA Memo Regarding Radio-Isotope Thermal Generators Dozens of dead nuclear reactors are floating in space, and they'll eventually hit the earth Space Technology Game Changing Development The Fission System Gateway to Abundant Power for Exploration The Nuclear Disaster of Kosmos 954 Space Technology Mission Directorate Kilopower


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    Workers install the vacuum chamber around the KRUSTY experiment. Credit – NNSA


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    To get Artificial Gravity on the Moon, you'd Need a Giant Rotating Lunar Base

    Living and working in space for extended periods of time presents a number of challenges. These include radiation, as locations beyond Earth’s protective magnetosphere are exposed to greater levels of solar and cosmic rays. There’s also the need for self-sufficiency since Lunar or Martian bases are too far to rely on regular resupply missions like the International Space Station (ISS). Last, there’s the issue of low gravity, which is especially pressing for long-term missions and habitats beyond Earth. If humanity’s future truly lies in space, we must devise solutions to this issue in advance. Credit: Kajima Construction

    「人工重力」の研究スタート これで月に住むことができる? 京大と鹿島 「2050年には実現したい」x

    32,443 views Jul 5, 2022 京都大学と鹿島建設が、宇宙に関するある研究を始めたと発表しました。 月や火星に「住む」という人類の夢が、実現するかもしれません。 【鹿島建設 関西支店 建築設計部 大野琢也さん】 「火星や月は地球に比べて(表面重力が)かなり小さいです。こういうところに人類はいずれ住むであろうと」 5日、京都大学と鹿島建設は月や火星に住むための「人工重力施設」を、共同で研究すると発表しました。 地球と比べて、火星の重力は3分の1、月は6分の1しかありません。 そこで、回転による遠心力を使って、人工的に地球と同じ重力(1G)を発生させ、地球と同じように過ごせる居住施設「ルナグラス」をつくるというのです。 月のような重力の小さい空間では、哺乳類が正常に繁殖し、成長できるのか分かっていません。 しかし、「ルナグラス」の中は地球と同じ重力で、出産なども可能となり、ここで生活していれば、いつでも地球に戻れる体を維持できるということです。 また、同じく「人工重力」を使った移動手段の研究もスタート。 月の上を走る「ルナビーグル」、星の間を移動する「スペースエクスプレス」をつくる構想です。 【京都大学大学院 総合生存学館 山敷庸亮 教授」 「移動の間も地球と同じ重力(1G)環境を保証しようと。(スペースエクスプレスは)かなりの加速が必要で、ロケットで牽引(けんいん)するのがいいかなと思ってます」 月や火星に「住む」。夢のある話ですが、本当にできるのでしょうか? 【京都大学大学院 山敷庸亮 教授】 「もちろん技術的にはまだ全然ですが、この段階でアイデアを出すことが非常に重要。できれば月までは行きたい。もっといえば火星まで行きたい」 鹿島建設の大野さんは、「2050年にはなんらかの形で月面で構想を実現したい」としています。 カンテレ「報道ランナー」2022年7月5日放送 関西のニュースをお届けします!【カンテレNews】https://www.ktv.jp/news/ チャンネル登録をお願いします! http://www.youtube.com/channel/ UCQhaZjODkIjuv38d-i5TVRw?sub_confirmation=1 #月 #京大 #鹿島建設 #人工重力施設 #共同研究

    Interior view of the rotating Lunagrass base. Credit: Kajima Construction

    Animation of the “Luna Beagle” transiting between Earth and the Moon. Credit: Kajima Construction


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    South Korea’s First Orbital Mission to the Moon is on its Way

    A graphic showing the orbital path the Danuri Lunar Pathfinder spacecraft will take to go into orbit around the Moon. Credit: Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI)

    The Danuri lunar orbiter, carried by SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rocket, lifts off from Cape Canaveral Space Force Station in Florida, Aug. 4, 2022. Via The Korea Times/ Joint Press Corps

    대한민국 첫 달 탐사선 '다누리', 우주를 향한 여정 시작!

    대한민국 첫 달 탐사선 '다누리'가 2022년 8월5일 8시8분, 드디어 우주로 출발했습니다. 다누리는 이날 미국 플로리다주 케이프커내버럴 우주군 기지에서 스페이스X 팰컨9 발사체에 실려 발사됐습니다. 달, 그리고 더 먼 우주를 향한 첫 번째 걸음이 될 다누리, 그 감동적인 발사 순간을 영상으로 만나봅니다. * 발사 장면 출처: SpaceX #다누리 #스페이스X #달탐사

    A graphic showing the Danuri spacecraft orbiting the Moon. Credit: KARI on Instagram


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    Bouncy Castles on the Moon. Inflated Habitats Might be the Best Way to Get Started on a Lunar Base

    In this decade, multiple space agencies will send astronauts to the Moon for the first time since the Apollo Era. In addition to NASA, the ESA, China, and Roscosmos, commercial space entities like SpaceX and Blue Origin are hoping to conduct regular missions in support of human exploration while also mounting their own private ventures. In time, this activity could result in the creation of permanent infrastructure, a regular human presence, and the emergence of a lunar economy. Nevertheless, there are many questions about how humans will live in lunar conditions and what type of facilities will be needed.

    Inflatable Moon Habitat with greenhouse, funded by ESA (Open Space Innovation Platform)

    This novel and maybe even disruptive lunar habitat design for the polar regions is based on a study funded by ESA´s ( European Space Agency) OSIP program. The ultralight prefabricated inflatable structure covered with several meters of loose regolith for protection from micrometeorites and cosmic radiation. A mirror that rotates towards the sun reflects the useful spectrum of natural sunlight into a greenhouse for self-sufficient production of food and oxygen. The structure is modular. Several modules can form a large Moonbase or even Moon village Authors: Thomas Herzig: Architect specialized in inflatable structures Gabor Bihari: Physicist Norbert Kömle: Astrophysicist Also view our MARS HABITAT video, that was the predecessor of this design : Contact : Thomas Herzig Weyringergasse 29/17, 1040 Vienna, Austria Phone: +43 699 11 10 12 20 E-Mail Thomas Herzig Thomas Herzig: Architect specialized in inflatable structures

    Artist’s impression of a European liftoff from the Moon. Credit: ESA

    Shown here is a rendering of 13 candidate landing regions for Artemis III. Credits: NASA

    The Inflatable Moon Habitat concept. Credit: ESA/Herzig et al.

    The Lunar Outpost, an ESA-supported design study for a base on the Moon. Credit: Foster & Partners

    Habitats grouped together on the rim of a lunar crater, known as the Moon Village. Credit: ESA


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    We Could Simulate Living in Lunar Lava Tubes in Caves on Earth

    Image of the Škocjan Caves in Slovenia, an example of a karst cave. Credit – Peretz Partensky

    Living Underground on Other Worlds. Exploring Lava Tubes

    x

    The Moon and Mars will probably be the first places in the Solar System that humanity will try to live after leaving the safety and security of Earth. But those worlds are still incredibly harsh environments, with no protection from radiation, little to no atmosphere, and extreme temperatures. Living on those worlds is going to be hard, it’s going to be dangerous. Fortunately, there are a few pockets on those worlds that’ll make it a tiny little bit easier to get a foothold in the Solar System: lava tubes. Follow us on Twitter: @universetoday Like us on Facebook: Instagram - Support us at:Support us at: Instagram - Team: Fraser Cain - @fcain / frasercain@gmail.com /Karla Thompson - @karlaii Chad Weber - Chloe Cain - Instagram: @chloegwen2001 Chloe Cain - Instagram: @chloegwen2001 Music: Left Spine Down - “X-Ray” Team: Fraser Cain - @fcain / frasercain@gmail.com Karla Thompson - @karlaii / Karla Thompson's youtube channel Chad Weber - weber.chad@gmail.com Chloe Cain - Instagram: @chloegwen2001

    References: Possible Lava Tube Skylights Discovered Near the North Pole of the Moon from nasa: Down the Lunar Rabbit-hole from NASA: Cave Skylights Spotted on Mars Could Humans Set Up Camp in Martian Lava Tubes? From NASA: lunar reconnaissance orbiter m.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/Mars_Express/The_pit-chains_of_Mars_a_possible_place_for_life From Purdue University Snake robots in space THE BOWELS OF EARTH IN 3D from inverse: mars colonists could live in lava tubes beneth the surface of mars

    Depiction of a potential habitat in a karst cave. Credit – Ding et al.

    Moon: Industrial Complexx

    x

    Visit our sponsor, Brilliant: The Moon is gateway to space, and in the future it might serve as an industrial and mining complex fueling vast production of spaceships, rocket fuel, satellites, space stations, and colonial habitats. Visit the sub-reddit Visit our Website: Support us on Patreon: SFIA Merchandise available: Social Media: Facebook Group Reddit: Twitter:on Twitter and RT our future content. SFIA Discord Server: Listen or Download the audio of this episode from Soundcloud: Episode's Audio-only version: Episode's Narration-only version: Credits: Moon: Industrial Complex Episode 221; Jan 16, 2020 Writers: Isaac Arthur Keith Blockus Editors: Jerry Guern S. Kopperud S. Graham Produced & Narrated by Isaac Arthur Cover Art: Jakub Grygier Graphics: Andy Nelson Jarred Eagley Justin Dixon Ken York Kristijan Tavcar Sergio Botero Space Resources CGI Tytus Grabowski Udo Schroeter Music Courtesy of Epidemic Sound


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    With Thanks to: Solsys Mining

    New ESA project to SUPERCHARGE Lunar farming and mining! EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW with Solsys!

    "If God wanted man to become a spacefaring species, He would have given man a Moon." - Ehricke Everyone TALKS about hydroponics on the Moon, but it takes a lot more than seeds and water. You need lots of nutrients as well. Norway's SolSys, funded by ESA, has a plan to get nearly everything we need from the Moon!! #space #nasa #esa Check out SolSys Mining Please support my channel! EARLY VIDEO RELEASES, DISCORD MEMBERSHIP AND EXCLUSIVE CONTENT PLUS 15% OFF MERCH! Support the Angry Astronnaut on patreon Support the Angry Astronnaut on Pay Pal

    It Should be Possible to Farm on the Moon

    Artist concept of a future farm on the Moon. Credit: Solsys Mining.

    The dusty, sandy pebbly soil is known as the lunar regolith. That’s Neil Armstrong’s boot on the Moon. Credit: NASA


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    What Time is It on the Moon? It May Get its Own Timezone

    Artist's impression of astronauts on the lunar surface, as part of the Artemis Program. Lunar explorers will need communication and navigation aids while on the surface, including a common time zone. Credit: NASA

    LunaNet concept graphic for a possible communication and navigation device used on the Moon. Credits: NASA/Reese Patillo

    ESA’s Moonlight initiative involves expanding satnav coverage and communication links to the Moon. The first stage involves demonstrating the use of current satnav signals around the Moon. This will be achieved with the Lunar Pathfinder satellite in 2024. The main challenge will be overcoming the limited geometry of satnav signals all coming from the same part of the sky, along with the low signal power. To overcome that limitation, the core of the Moonlight system will see dedicated lunar navigation satellites and lunar surface beacons providing additional ranging sources and extended coverage. Credit: ESA-K Oldenburg

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  • Volcanic Hotspot Found on the Moon


  • Volcanic Hotspot Found on the Moon

    P>

    Arrow displaying position of the batholith on the farside of the Moon (left) with the heat gradient from the granite within the Compton-Belkovich Thorium Anomaly (center and right). (Credit: Matthew Siegler, PSI)

    Giantic Heat-Emitting Granite Blob On The Far Side Of The Moon Discovered @TheCosmosNews

    #thecosmosnews The Moon has been a subject of awe and fascination for millennia, with its shape-shifting powers and enigmatic dark side. And though it’s the one celestial body on which man has taken (small) steps, we still have big leaps to go in understanding its potential and uncovering its secrets. However, one hidden feature of the Moon has been unearthed by scientists and it’s very, very big, and very, very heavy. Buried beneath its South Pole-Aitken basin – one of the largest preserved craters in the Solar System – is a structure which weighs at least 2.18 billion kilogrammes and measures more than 300km (186 miles) in depth and 2,000km (1,243 miles) in length.

    Arrow displaying position of the batholith on the farside of the Moon (left) with the heat gradient from the granite within the Compton-Belkovich Thorium Anomaly (center and right). (Credit: Matthew Siegler, PSI)

    Evolution of the Moon

    From year to year, the moon never seems to change. Craters and other formations appear to be permanent now, but the moon didn't always look like this. Thanks to NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, we now have a better look at some of the moon's history. Learn more in this video! This video is public domain and can be downloaded at: Follow NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center · Instagram · Twitter- NASA GODDARD · Twitter-NASA GODDARD PICS · Facebook: · Flickr


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    Volcanic Hotspot Found on the Moon



    Universe Today's CATEGORY: MOON

    Universe Today's TAG: CHANG’E 1

    Universe Today's TAG: CHANG’E-2

    Universe Today's TAG: FULL MOON

    Universe Today's TAG: LUNAR EXPLORATION

    Universe Today's TAG: LUNAR HIGHLANDS

    Universe Today's TAG: LUNAR MARES

    Universe Today's TAG: MARIA

    Universe Today's TAG: MOON

    Universe Today's TAG: MOON VOLCANISM

    Universe Today's TAG: SOLAR SYSTEM EXPLORATION



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    Want to Mine the Moon? Here’s a Detailed Map of all its Minerals

    Why Is The Moon’s South Pole So Important? It’s All About Water

    China’s Yutu-2 rover is on the move on the far side of the Moon

    That Strange Gel-Like Material Discovered by China’s Lunar Rover? It’s Just Rock



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    Chefs on the Moon Will be Cooking up Rocks to Make air and Water

    Mining Water and Metal From the Moon at the Same Time

    Universe today's CATEGORY: MOON

    Universe today's CATEGORY: SPACE EXPLORATION

    Universe today's CATEGORY: SPACE EXPLORATION TECHNOLOGIES

    Universe today's TAG: IN-SITU RESOURCE UTILIZATION

    Universe today's TAG: ISRU

    Universe today's TAG: MOON

    Universe today's TAG: OXYGEN

    Universe today's TAG: REGOLITH

    Universe today's TAG: TECHNOLOGIES

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    Universe today's TAG: WATER ON THE MOON

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    Lunar Landers Could Spray Instant Landing Pads as They Arrive at the Moon

    Universe today's CATEGORY: ARTEMIS

    Universe today's TAG: ARTEMIS

    Universe today's TAG: LANDING PADS

    Universe today's TAG: LUNAR LANDER

    Universe today's TAG: ROCKET EXHAUST


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    NASA’s Target for Landing the First Artemis Astronauts on the Moon Slips to 2025

    Court Turns Down Blue Origin’s Attempt to Prevent SpaceX’s Lander Contract

    Artemis 1 is(Scheduled ) Launching in February, 2022

    China and Russia Announce their Future Plans for the Moon, Including a Human Base

    “Mechazilla” is Getting its Arms. Now it can Catch Starships!

    Universe Today's CATEGORY: ARTEMIS

    Universe Today's TAG: ARTEMIS PROGRAM

    Universe Today's TAG: LUNAR LANDER

    Universe Today's TAG: LUNAR STARSHIP

    Universe Today's TAG: ORION

    Universe Today's TAG: SLS

    Universe Today's TAG: STARSHIP


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    Rocket Lab Launches NASA’s CAPSTONE Mission to the Moon

    A CubeSat is Flying to the Moon to Make Sure Lunar Gateway’s Orbit is Actually Stable

    Universe Today's CATEGORY: DEEP SPACE GATEWAY

    Universe Today's CATEGORY: LAUNCHES

    Universe Today's CATEGORY: MOON

    Universe Today's TAG: CAPSTONE

    Universe Today's TAG: ELECTRON ROCKET

    Universe Today's TAG: LUNAR GATEWAY

    Universe Today's TAG: LUNAR GATEWAY ORBIT

    Universe Today's TAG: LUNAR ORBITAL PLATFORM-GATEWAY

    Universe Today's TAG: ROCKET LAB


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    NASA Funds the Development of a Nuclear Reactor on the Moon That Would Last for 10 Years

    NASA is Building a Nuclear Reactor to Power Lunar and Martian Exploration!

    NASA is Upping the Power on its Lunar Wattage Challenge!

    Universe today's CATEGORY: NASA


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    To get Artificial Gravity on the Moon, you'd Need a Giant Rotating Lunar Base


    What is the International Space Station?

    Gateway Foundation Gives a Detailed Update on its Voyager Station Concept

    Many Astronauts Never Recover all of their Bone Density after Returning to Earth

    Universe today's CATEGORY: MARS



    Universe today's CATEGORY: MOON



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    South Korea’s First Orbital Mission to the Moon is on its Way

    Universe today's CATEGORY: MISSIONS

    Universe today's CATEGORY: MOON

    Universe today's TAG: DANURI LUNAR PATHFINDER

    Universe today's TAG: MISSIONS

    Universe today's TAG: MOON

    Universe today's TAG: SOUTH KOREA

    You can follow Danuri’s path to the Moon at this KARI website.

    Information on You can follow Danuri’s path to the Moon at this KARI website



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    Bouncy Castles on the Moon. Inflated Habitats Might be the Best Way to Get Started on a Lunar Base



    Universe Today's CATEGORY: ESA

    Universe Today's CATEGORY: MOON

    Universe Today's CATEGORY: SPACE EXPLORATION



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    Phew, NASA’s CAPSTONE is no Longer Tumbling in Space



    Universe Today's CATEGORY: MISSIONS

    Universe Today's CATEGORY: MOON

    Universe Today's TAG: ARTEMIS

    Universe Today's TAG: CAPSTONE

    Universe Today's TAG: LUNAR GATEWAY

    Universe Today's TAG: MOON

    Universe Today's TAG: ROCKET LAB

    Universe Today's TAG: TERRAN ORBITAL



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    We Could Simulate Living in Lunar Lava Tubes in Caves on Earth

    Lava Tubes on the Moon Maintain Comfortable Room Temperatures Inside

    Lava Tubes on the Moon and Mars are Really, Really Big. Big Enough to Fit an Entire Planetary Base

    Living Underground on Other Worlds. Exploring Lava Tubes

    Universe today's CATEGORY: MOON

    Universe today's TAG: CAVES ON THE MOON

    Universe today's TAG: LUNAR LAVA TUBES

    Universe today's TAG: MOON

    Universe today's TAG: MOON BASE



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    It Should be Possible to Farm on the Moon

    Universe today's CATEGORY: MOON

    Universe today's TAG: AGRICULTURE

    Universe today's TAG: IN-SITU RESOURCE UTILIZATION

    Universe today's TAG: LONG DURATION MISSIONS

    Universe today's TAG: LUNAR REGOLITH

    Universe today's TAG: MOON



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    What Time is It on the Moon? It May Get its Own Timezone



    Universe Today's CATEGORY: MOON



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    PDFs

    Reort on Lunar water

    A geologic model for lunar ice deposits at mining scales (PDF)

    The National Space Society's report on Economic Assessment and Systems Analysis of an Evolvable Lunar Architecture that Leverages Commercial Space Capabilities and Public-Private-Partnerships

    information on Economic Assessment and Systems Analysis of an Evolvable Lunar Architecture that Leverages Commercial Space Capabilities and Public-Private-Partnerships

    NASA's report on Lunar Architecture

    information on NASA's report on Lunar Architecture

    What is a Multi-Mission a Radioisotpe Thermoelectic Generator?

    Information on What is a Multi-Mission a Radioisotpe Thermoelectic Generator? (PDF)

    Space Technology Game Changing Development The Fission System Gateway to Abundant Power for Exploration

    Information on Space Technology Game Changing Development The Fission System Gateway to Abundant Power for Exploration (PDF)


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    FLATARTICLES



    China’s Yutu-2 Rover has now Traveled Over 345 Meters Across the Surface of the Moon

    There’s Now an Operational Radio Telescope on the Far Side of the Moon

    NASA Announces Artemis Concept Awards for Nuclear Power on Moon

    Information on NASA Announces Artemis Concept Awards for Nuclear Power on Moon

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    K I L O P O W E R

    Information on K I L O P O W E R

    Inflatable Moon base

    Advanced Space

    Information on Advanced Space.


    THE PIONEERS OF SMALL SATELLITES

    From ESA:Telling time on the Moon

    From NASA: LUNAR COMMUNICATIONS RELAY AND NAVIGATION SYSTEMS (LCRNS)

    Information on From NASA: LUNAR COMMUNICATIONS RELAY AND NAVIGATION SYSTEMS (LCRNS)



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    VIDEOS

    LunaNet: Enhancing Connectivity and Empowering Missions at the Moon

    With Artemis, NASA will establish a long-term presence at the Moon, opening more of the lunar surface to exploration than ever before. This growth of lunar activity will require new, more robust communications, navigation, and networking capabilities. NASA’s Space Communications and Navigation (SCaN) program has developed the LunaNet architecture to meet these needs. LunaNet will leverage innovative networking techniques, standards, and an extensible framework to rapidly expand network capabilities at the Moon. This framework will allow industry, academia, and international partners to build and operate LunaNet nodes alongside NASA. These nodes will offer missions four distinct services: networking, navigation, detection and information, and radio/optical science services. Music is "Voxscape" by Eugenio Mininni, mixkit.co. Video credit: NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center David Israel: Subject Matter Expert Reese Patillo (ASRC): Animator Katherine Schauer (ASRC): Voiceover While the video in its entirety can be shared without permission, the music and some individual imagery may have been obtained through permission and may not be excised or remixed in other products. For more information on NASA’s media guidelines, visit If you liked this video, subscribe to the NASA Goddard YouTube channel: subscribe to the NASA Goddard YouTube channel: Follow NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center · Instagram · Twitter- NASA GODDARD · Twitter-NASA GODDARD PICS · Facebook: · Flickr


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