Mission to Jupiter

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Introduction to J U P I T E R!!

View of the Sun from Jupiter

Status of the Deep Space Network


Outward Bound: Colonizing Jupiter

Jupiter and its moon are a rarely considered prospect for colonization, but potentially the ripest opportunity for it in the solar system. In this episode of the Outward Bound series we will examine the options for colonizing each of Jupiter's primary moons and even discuss ways to colonize the giant planet itself. Listen or Download the audio of this episode from Soundcloud: Cover Art by Jakub Grygier: : Visit the sub-reddit Sign up to my weekly email newsletter: Support us at:Support us at: Follow us on Tumblr: More stories at Follow us on Twitter: @universetoday Like us on Facebook: Instagram - Team: Fraser Cain - @fcain / frasercain@gmail.com /Karla Thompson - @karlaii Chad Weber - Chloe Cain - Instagram: @chloegwen2001

Comet Impact Enables Probe of Jupiter’s Winds

Jupiter Info Graphics

Observing Jupiter in the Radio Range

Image: Winds around Jupiter’s Great Red Spot are simulated in this JunoCam view that has been animated using a model of the winds there. The wind model, called a velocity field, was derived from data collected by NASA’s Voyager spacecraft and Earth-based telescopes. NASA’s Juno spacecraft acquired the original, static view during passage over the spot on July 10, 2017. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/SwRI/MSSS/Gerald Eichstadt/Justin Cowart. If you’d like to dig into the analysis of radiation data, the paper is Kollman et al., “A heavy ion and proton radiation belt inside of Jupiter’s rings,” Geophys. Res. Lett 44, 5259-5268 (abstract).

Jupiter rotates!

New Horizons' long-range camera LORRI monitored Jupiter's rotation as the spacecraft approached on January 9 and 10, 2007.
The 11 images in this animation were each taken an hour apart and cover one full rotation of the planet.
During the animation, first Ganymede and then Io cross the field of view, casting their shadows onto the planet.
There are a total of six of these movies planned for New Horizons' approach to Jupiter; the last of those should have been taken on Sunday,
so stay tuned to the New Horizons site for those. There are only three other sets of images planned for the next month: a handful of "Kodak moments,"
images taken primarily for their prettiness.
NASA / JHUAPL / SwRI / Animation by E. Lakdawalla

A Journey to Jupiter

Published on Feb 8, 2017 This animation of Jupiter is made from more than 1,000 images taken by 91 amateurs from around the world between the 19th of December 2014 and the 31st of March 2015. After collecting the images, they have been remaped into cylindrical projections by Christoffer Svenske and Johan Warell. I have then color corrected, stacked and seamlessly stitched them into a total of 54 complete maps. To slow down the rapid motion, I have interpolated an image in between each pair of maps for a total of 107. The polar projections are a little special as I have made them stretch from pole to pole, not just from pole (center) to equator (outside) as traditionally represented. The reason is that I find it more interesting to be able to follow the movements of all the cloudbelts regardless of the projection. It has taken more than a year to complete this video that shows the motion of Jupiter's cloud belts and the rotation of the Great Red Spot in high resolution, all accelerated one million times! It also shows the technical skills of the world wide community of amateur planetary photographers to be able to reach this high level of details that can be tracked across the planet during 250 revolutions. Thanks to all of you for contributing to this project.

The Voyager 3 project from Sweden

Voyager 3 from Peter Rosén on Vimeo.

In 1979, the Voyager 1 probe took a stunning series of images on its final approach to Jupiter that clearly showed the intricate movement of the cloudbelts for the first time. 35 years later, almost to the day, a group of 7 swedish amateur astronomers set out to replicate this odyssey and the historical NASA-footage but with images taken with their own ground-based telescopes. Welcome to the Voyager 3 Project.

Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/SwRI/JHUAPL.

Meanwhile, Juno’s microwave radiometer (MWR) instrument also culled data during Juno’s passage over the Great Red Spot in July of 2017. The figure represents six channels of these data. Using the MWR, Juno can see deeper than any previous ground- or space-based observations into the clouds. It’s interesting to note that the large-scale structure of the Great Red Spot is evident as deep into the planet as the MWR can observe. 16,000 kilometers wide, the Great Red Spot is a vast crimson storm that has been monitored since 1830. It was twice Earth’s diameter when the Voyagers studied it but has since diminished in width. Image: This figure shows data from the six channels of the microwave radiometer (MWR) instrument onboard NASA’s Juno spacecraft. The data were collected in the mission’s sixth science orbit (referred to as “perijove 7”), during which the spacecraft passed over Jupiter’s Great Red Spot. The top layer in the figure is a visible light image from the mission’s JunoCam instrument, provided for context. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/SwRI.

Exploring The Icy Moons of Jupiter. NASA's Europa Clipper and ESA's JUICE

Mars is the place that most of our spacecraft, landers and rovers are studying, searching for any evidence that life ever existed somewhere else in the Solar System. But talk to planetary scientists, and they’re just as excited about the ocean worlds of the Solar System; the moons, asteroids, dwarf planets and Kuiper Belt objects where there could be vast oceans of liquid water under thick shells of ice. The perfect environment for life to thrive. We’ve only had tantalizing hints that these oceans are there, but NASA is building a spacecraft that will study one of these worlds in detail: the Europa Clipper. And they’re not the only ones. The European Space Agency is building their own mission, the Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer. Our Book is out! ITunes: Audio Podcast version: RSS: Universetoday's youtube channel Sign up to my weekly email newsletter: Support us at:Support us at: Follow us on Tumblr: More stories at Follow us on Twitter: @universetoday Like us on Facebook: Instagram - Instagram - Team: Fraser Cain - @fcain / frasercain@gmail.com /Karla Thompson - @karlaii Chad Weber - Chloe Cain - Instagram: @chloegwen2001 Music: Left Spine Down - “X-Ray” Team: Fraser Cain - @fcain / frasercain@gmail.com - @karlaii / Karla Thompson's youtube channel Chad Weber - Chad weber e-mail Chloe Cain - Instagram: @chloegwen20 References: Europa evidence for an ocean Galileo Mission Overview Europa Spacecraft Instruments Europa or Enceladus Us House Docs (pdf) chrome blocks Europa lander falls to back burner science magazine Europa lander falls to back burner the verge Europa giant ice spikes Juice Assesment study report yellow book Juice science Objectives Jupiter moon Ganymeade JUICE LAunch Contract

Swirly Southern Picture Of Jupiter Makes Us Want To Visit Right Now

A view the Cassini spacecraft took during its flyby of Jupiter?s southern pole in 2000. Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute
Gimme a rocketship ? we want to see what those bands are made of! This is a strange view of Jupiter,
a familiar gas giant that humanity has sent several spacecraft to. This particular view, taken in 2000
and highlighted on the European Space Agency website recently, shows the southern hemisphere of the mighty planet.

The main page for Galelio Countdown(Legacy Page)

Amateur astronomers regularly analyse their own observations and many participate in studies of the atmosphere of Jupiter.
This image shows a nearly full map of Jupiter compiled by the Italian amateur astronomer,
Marco Vedovato, from observations obtained by Tiziano Olivetti in Thailand, Christopher Go in the Philippines,
and Alexei Pace in Malta. Full maps like this are only possible through the collaboration from observers around the world.
The composition of these images by other amateurs like Marco Vedovato helps scientists in their effort to characterise the
dynamic atmosphere of Jupiter. Image credit: M. Vedovato/T. Olivetti/C. Go/A. Pace.

Jupiter’s structure and composition. (Image Credit: Kelvinsong CC by S.A. 3.0)

Jupiter's Moons Infographic

A “family portrait” of the four Galilean satellites (Io Europa, Ganymede and Callisto) around Jupiter,
taken by the New Horizons spacecraft and released in 2007.
Credit: NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Southwest Research Institute

NASA | Jupiter in 4k Ultra HD

Published on Oct 13, 2015 New imagery from NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope is revealing details never before seen on Jupiter.
High-resolution maps and spinning globes (rendered in the 4k Ultra HD format) are the first products
to come from a program to study the solar system’s outer planets each year using Hubble.
The observations are designed to capture a broad range of features, including winds, clouds,
storms and atmospheric chemistry. These annual studies will help current and future scientists
see how such giant worlds change over time. "This video is in the public domain. It can be downloaded along with the new Jupiter globes and maps Learn more at: http://www.nasa.gov/press-release/god... Like our videos? Subscribe to NASA's Goddard Shorts HD podcast: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/vis/iTunes/f... Or find NASA Goddard Space Flight Center on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/NASA.GSFC Or find us on Twitter: http://twitter.com/NASAGoddard Category Science & Technology License Standard YouTube License

Jupiter: May Be “Hairy” with Dark Matter

The root of a dark matter hair produced from particles going through Jupiter’s core would be about 1 trillion times denser than average.
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech


This radio image of Jupiter was captured by the VLA in New Mexico. The three colors in the picture correspond
to three different radio wavelengths: 2 cm in blue, 3 cm in gold, and 6 cm in red. Synchrotron radiation produces the pink glow around the planet.
Image: Imke de Pater, Michael H. Wong (UC Berkeley), Robert J. Sault (Univ. Melbourne).

Space News - Jupiter Radio Map

Radio map of Jupiter reveals what's beneath clouds

Two images of the Great Red Spot. The lower one is a Hubble optical image, showing the Spot and the familiar swirling cloud patterns.
The upper image is a radio map of the same region, showing the movement of ammonia up to 90 km below the clouds.
Credit: Radio image by Michael H. Wong, Imke de Pater (UC Berkeley), Robert J. Sault (Univ. Melbourne).
(Optical image by NASA, ESA, A.A. Simon (GSFC), M.H. Wong (UC Berkeley), and G.S. Orton (JPL-Caltech) )


Image: Images of 2015 BZ509 obtained at the Large Binocular Telescope Observatory (LBTO) that established its retrograde co-orbital nature. The bright stars and the asteroid (circled in yellow) appear black and the sky white in this negative image. Credit: C. Veillet / Large Binocular Telescope Observatory. Namouni and Morais used computer simulations to track the errant asteroid back in time, arguing that 2015 BZ509 has moved this way since the birth of the Solar System some 4.5 billion years ago, an indication that it could not have formed there originally. The case also relies on the fact that the Sun formed in a tightly packed star cluster where movement of objects ejected by gravitational forces within their own system into orbits around other stars would not have been uncommon. Thus this rogue asteroid may well contain information about planet formation and evolution as well as telling us more about the Sun’s original siblings. So what exactly do we know about this object? 2015 BZ509 is in a resonant, co-orbital motion with Jupiter and represents the first discovery of a retrograde co-orbital asteroid with Jupiter or any other planet. Its orbital eccentricity of 0.3805 takes it inside and then outside of Jupiter’s orbit at its closest approaches (176 million kilometers). The orbital period is 11.65 years and the inclination is 163 degrees, an evidently stable orbit if a complicated one.


Illustration of Jupiter and the Galilean satellites. Credit: NASA

Artist’s impression of Jupiter’s moons, with the newly-discovered moons indicated in blue and red. Credit: Carnegie Institution of Science/Roberto Molar Candanosa

Sheppard Jupiter Moons Movie

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Exploring Jupiter's Magnetic Field

Jupiter’s Magnetosphere Will Blow Your Mind While it Kills Your Spacecraft

Image: This graphic shows a new radiation zone surrounding Jupiter, located just above the atmosphere near the equator, that has been discovered by NASA’s Juno mission. The new radiation zone is depicted here as a glowing blue area around the planet’s middle.

The magnetic field of Jupiter and co-rotation enforcing currents. Credit: Wikipedia Commons/Ruslik0

The Juno spacecraft will provide insights on how Jupiter's magnetic field is generated.
Credit: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.

Jupiter's magnetosphere - a basic view. Read more: This video is public domain and may be downloaded at: Credits: NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio/JPL NAIF Tom Bridgman (GST): Lead Animator Mara Johnson-Groh (Wyle Information Systems): Writer Laurence Schuler (ADNET Systems, Inc.): Project Support Ian Jones (ADNET Systems, Inc.): Project Support

Published on Jun 29, 2016 NASA is sending the Juno spacecraft to Jupiter, to peer beneath its cloudy surface
and explore the giant planet's structure and magnetic field. Juno's twin magnetometers,
built at Goddard Space Flight Center, will give scientists their first look within Jupiter
at the powerful dynamo that drives its magnetic field. In this interview, Deputy Principal Investigator
Jack Connerney discusses the Juno mission and its magnetometers.
This video is public domain and :can be downloaded from the Scientific Visualization Studio at Credit: NASA/Goddard/Daniel Gallagher Music from the Killer Tracks catalog: "Beep" – Niklas Ahman "Jupiter's Eye" – Christian Telford, David Travis Edwards, Matthew St Laurent, and Robert Anthony Navarro "Original Conquest" –Laurent Dury "Through the Mist" – Andrew Britton and David Goldsmith "Lost Roads" – Gregg Lehrman

Ions Surf Through Jupiter’s Magnetic Field, Triggering its Auroras

Image showing depiction of the ions of Jupiter traveling on a closed magnetic field loop, which is what creates the X-ray auroras on the planet. Credit – Yao/Dunn/ESA/NASA Auroras come in many shapes and sizes. Jupiter is well known for its spectacular complement of bright polar lights, which also have the distinction of appearing in the X-ray band. These auroras are also extreme power sources, emitting almost a gigawatt of energy in a few minutes. But what exactly causes them has been a mystery for the last 40 years. Now, a team used data from a combination of satellites to identify what is causing these powerful emissions. The answer appears to be charged ions surfing on a kind of wave.

Image of auroras on Jupiter, as seen in X-ray by Chandra, one of NASA’s X-ray telescopes, in 2007. Credit – X-ray – NASA/CXC/SwRI/R. Gladstone et al.; Optical – NASA / ESA / Hubble Heritage (AURA/STScI)

Jupiter’s unexplained aurora | Unsolved Mysteriesx

Jupiter’s aurora is the biggest, brightest and most stunning in the solar system. For a long time, we assumed it was created the same way that Earth’s aurora (or Northern Lights) are created but the JUNO mission to Jupiter has shown that might not be the case... #unsolvedmystery My new book 'Space: The 10 Things You Should Know' is out now worldwide (except US & Canada) on September 5th 2019! You can pre-order it (UK only) from amazon here: News on US & Canadian publication coming soon! Don't forget to subscribe and click the little bell icon to be notified when I post a new video! ------ Mauk et al. (2017) - [also I just realised I pronounced it “Μu-ak” all the way through this video when it’s clearly “Ma-uk”🤦🏻‍♀️ my apologies to the author] --------- Dr. Becky also presents videos on Sixty Symbols: and Deep Sky Videos: Dr Becky Smethurst is an astrophysicist researching galaxies and supermassive black holes at Christ Church at the University of Oxford. Dr Becky Smethurst Dr Becky Smethurst at Christ Church at the University of Oxford.

X-rays aren’t the only type of aurora on Jupiter thought. Here are some ultraviolet auroral images of Jupiter from the Juno Ultraviolet Spectrograph instrument. The images contain intensities from three spectral ranges, false-colored red, green and blue, providing qualitative information on precipitating electron energies (high, medium and low, respectively). Credit: NASA/SwRI/Randy Gladstone

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Mission To Jupiter

Google's Doodle celebrating Juno's arrival July 4, 2016

NASA's Juno mission page

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Jupiter's Moon Callisto


Colonizing Callisto - Third Largest Moon In The Solar System

Callisto is a pretty big moon that has some conditions which are very friendly for a human colony. Because of that in this video, I take a look at how we could go about establishing a big colony on this moon of Jupiter and how we could even turn its surface conditions to be even better for humans in the really far future. Twitter: Intro, outro, and other clips in the video were made with Space Engine. Music used: 1. Kevin MacLeod - Martian Cowboy 2. Space Mercury preview DL-Sounds 3. Kevin MacLeod - Lost Frontier 4. Space Coast - Topher Mohr and Alex Elena 5. At the Foot of the Sphinx - Twin Musicom 6. Kevin MacLeod - Thunder Dreams

Colonizing The Big Cratered Moon Callisto

In this video we will deal with Callisto, one of the main moons of the gaseous giant planet Jupiter, and we will try to understand if its hypothetical future colonization is feasible or not. Callisto, together with Io, Europa and Ganymede, is one of the medicean satellites, and was discovered by Galileo Galilei on 13th January 1610, who reported his observations in his work Sidereus Nuncius. These satellites are called "medicean" because the Italian astronomer dedicated them to Cosimo II De Medici, his benefactor. Galileo observed the medicean satellites with a very rudimentary telescope and with a very small field of view: even today one wonders how he managed to discover them, given that in this very small field of view they could hardly see all four at the same time. Could we colonize it? - - Timecode: 00:00 Intro 00:23 Callisto Facts and history 6:31 Callisto colonization - - "If You happen to see any content that is yours, and we didn't give credit in the right manner please let us know at Lorenzovareseaziendale@gmail.com and we will correct it immediately" (Some of our visual content is under an Attribution-ShareAlike license) in its different versions such as 1.0, 2.0, 3,0, and 4.0 – permitting commercial sharing with attribution given in each picture accordingly in the video." Credits: Ron Miller Credits: Mark A. Garlick / MarkGarlick.com Credits: Nasa/Shutterstock/Storyblocks/Elon Musk/SpaceX/ESA/ESO Credits: Flickr #InsaneCuriosity #CallistoMoon #Jupiter

Standing on Jupiter's Moon Callisto

Callisto moon of a gas giant Jupiter. It is one of the most ancient places in the solar system. So then what would standing on this old and large moon be like? Watch the video to find out. Idea for ''Standing on'' Inspired by theVendor101. Intro and outro videos made with Space Engine. Music: DL-Sounds - Mercury

Jupiter's Moon: Callisto Rotation

Uploaded on Jan 6, 2010 Callisto (pronounced /kəˈlɪstoʊ/,or as Greek Καλλιστώ) is a moon of the planet Jupiter, discovered in 1610 by Galileo Galilei. It is the third-largest moon in the Solar System and the second largest in the Jovian system, after Ganymede. Callisto has about 99% the diameter of the planet Mercury but only about a third of its mass. It is the fourth Galilean moon of Jupiter by distance, with an orbital radius of about 1 880 000 km. It does not form part of the orbital resonance that affects three inner Galilean satellites—Io, Europa and Ganymede— and thus does not experience appreciable tidal heating. Callisto rotates synchronously with its orbital period, so the same face is always turned toward Jupiter. Callisto's surface is less affected by Jupiter's magnetosphere than the other inner satellites because it orbits farther away. Callisto is composed of approximately equal amounts of rock and ices, with a mean density of about 1.83 g/cm3. Compounds detected spectrally on the surface include water ice, carbon dioxide, silicates, and organic compounds. Investigation by the Galileo spacecraft revealed that Callisto may have a small silicate core and possibly a subsurface ocean of liquid water at depths greater than 100 km. The surface of Callisto is heavily cratered and extremely old. It does not show any signatures of subsurface processes such as plate tectonics, earthquakes or volcanoes, and is thought to have evolved predominantly under the influence of impacts. Prominent surface features include multi-ring structures, variously shaped impact craters, and chains of craters (catenae) and associated scarps, ridges and deposits. At a small scale, the surface is varied and consists of small, bright frost deposits at the tops of elevations, surrounded by a low-lying, smooth blanket of dark material. This is thought to result from the sublimation-driven degradation of small landforms, which is supported by the general deficit of small impact craters and the presence of numerous small knobs, considered to be their remnants.The absolute ages of the landforms are not known. Callisto is surrounded by an extremely thin atmosphere composed of carbon dioxide[6] and probably molecular oxygen, as well as by a rather intense ionosphere. Callisto is thought to have formed by slow accretion from the disk of the gas and dust that surrounded Jupiter after its formation. Its slowness and the lack of tidal heating prevented rapid differentiation. The slow convection in the interior of Callisto, which commenced soon after formation, led to partial differentiation and possibly to the formation of a subsurface ocean at a depth of 100150 km and a small, rocky core. The likely presence of an ocean within Callisto indicates that it can or could harbor life. However, this is less likely than on nearby Europa. Various space probes from Pioneers 10 and 11 to Galileo and Cassini have studied the moon. Callisto has long been considered the most suitable place for a human base for future exploration of the system of Jupiter. Discovered by G. Galilei S. Marius Discovery date January 7, 1610 Designations Alternate name Jupiter IV Adjective Callistoan, Callistian Orbital characteristics Periapsis 1 869 000 km[b] Apoapsis 1 897 000 km[a] Mean orbit radius 1 882 700 km Eccentricity 0.007 4 Orbital period 16.689 018 4 d Average orbital speed 8.204 km/s Inclination 0.192° (to local Laplace planes) Satellite of Jupiter Physical characteristics Mean radius 2410.3 ± 1.5 km (0.378 Earths) Surface area 7.30 × 107 km2 (0.143 Earths) Volume 5.9 × 1010 km3 (0.0541 Earths) Mass 1.075 938 ± 0.000 137 × 1023 kg (0.018 Earths) Mean density 1.834 4 ± 0.003 4 g/cm3[3] Equatorial surface gravity 1.235 m/s2 (0.126 g) Escape velocity 2.440 km/s Rotation period synchronous Axial tilt zero Albedo 0.22 (geometric) Surface temp. K[4] min mean max 80 ± 5 134 ± 11 165 ± 5 Apparent magnitude 5.65 (opposition) Atmosphere Surface pressure 7.5 pbar Composition ~4 × 108 cm−3 carbon dioxide up to 2 × 1010 cm−3 molecular oxygen Category Science & Technology License Standard YouTube License

Triton: Ice Volcanoes and Alien Ocean

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Model of Callisto’s internal structure showing a surface ice layer, a possible liquid water layer, and an ice–rock interior.
Credit: NASA/JPL


Interior density structures created by an outer solar system late heavy bombardment onto Ganymede (top row) and Callisto (bottom row).
Credit: SwRI

Voyager 1 image of Valhalla, a multi-ring impact structure 3800 km in diameter. Credit: NASA/JPL

New Horizons Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) captured these two images of Jupiter’s outermost large moon, Callisto,
during its flyby in February 2007. Credit: NASA/JPL

The Future????

Artist’s impression of a base on the icy surface of Callisto. Credit: NASA

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Observing Jupiter in the radio range

Nasa's Observing Jupiter in the radio range

Nasa's Radio observing Jupiter page

The Thrush Observatory

Sky & Telescope's Radio observing Page

Information on Sky & Telescope's Radio observing Page

The British Astronomical Association

report on The British Astronomical Association: Radio Jupiter

Jupiter radio observations by Jon Wallace & Richard Flagg

Report on Radio activity from Jupiter

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Articles from Universe today.com

Even Ganymede is Showing Tectonic Activity. We’re Going to Need Another Icy Moon Orbiter

A Huge Ring-Like Structure on Ganymede Might be the Result of an Enormous Impact


Ions Surf Through Jupiter’s Magnetic Field, Triggering its Auroras

Universe today's CATEGORY: JUPITER

Universe today's TAG: AURORA

Universe today's TAG: JUNO SPACECRAFT

Universe today's TAG: JUPITER

Universe today's TAG: X-RAY ASTRONOMY

Universe today's TAG: XMM-NEWTON


The mystery of what causes Jupiter’s X-ray

Revealing the source of Jupiter’s x-ray auroral flares

Information on Revealing the source of Jupiter’s x-ray auroral flares

Vibrations drive X-ray flares in Jupiter’s aurora

Information on Vibrations drive X-ray flares in Jupiter’s aurora

Astronomers finally uncover 40-year mystery of Jupiter's epic X-ray aurora flares

40-Year Mystery Solved: Source of Jupiter’s X-Ray Flares Uncovered

Information on 40-Year Mystery Solved: Source of Jupiter’s X-Ray Flares Uncovered

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