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Mission to VENUS


View of the Sun from Venus


Venus INFOGRAPHIC

NASA'S Venus TRAVEL POSTER

Living on Venus- INFOGRAPHIC

Venus ten facts - INFOGRAPHIC


Venus, The Hothouse Planet Near Earth


False color radar topographical map of Venus provided by Magellan. Credit: Magellan Team/JPL/NASA
Venus was once considered a twin to Earth, as itís roughly the same size and is relatively close to our planet.
But once astronomers looked at it seriously in the past half-century or so, a lot of contrasts emerged. The biggest one ó
Venus is actually a hothouse planet with a runaway greenhouse effect, making it inhospitable to life as we know it.

Venus, The Hothouse Planet Near Earth, Radar Image by Magellan


Venus imaged by the Magellan spacecraft. Credit: NASA/JPL
As the morning star, the evening star, and the brightest natural object in the sky (after the Moon),
human beings have been aware of Venus since time immemorial. Even though it would be many thousands of years
before it was recognized as being a planet, its has been a part of human culture since the beginning of recorded history.

Venus in real colors. Image credit: Mattias Malmer / NASA.


Published on Feb 23, 2014
This animation is a brief tour of the global terrain of the planet Venus as revealed by radar onboard the Magellan spacecraft.
The height of the terrain is color-coded, with blues and greens representing low altitudes and reds representing high altitudes.
Credit: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio.
The clouds are an altered version of an image by David Seal, courtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech.
More:

Venus, MAAT MONS


3-D perspective of the Venusian volcano, Maat Mons generated from radar data from NASAís Magellan mission.

NASA SDO - Venus and Coronal Loops


Published on Jun 5, 2012 As we are almost halfway through the Venus Transit, here is a look at Venus through the NASA Solar Dynamics Observatory AIA instrument.
This is in 171 angstrom wavelength. This channel is especially good at showing coronal loops - the arcs extending off of the Sun where plasma moves along magnetic field lines.
The brightest spots seen here are locations where the magnetic field near the surface is exceptionally strong.
Credit: NASA SDO Category Education License Standard YouTube License

A movie of the Venus' night-side produced by IR2

This movie is produced from the IR2 2.26-Ķm images, acquired on 29 March 2016 at a distance of 0.36 million km.
Original 4 images were acquired with 4-hour intervals from 16:03 JST (07:03 UT). In 4 hours, the super-rotating clouds move by ~10 degrees. Such images are numerically derotated to produce
intermediate images so that the resultant motion becomes smoother.
Deformation, appearance and disapperance of clouds are obvious in this movie.

Venus' Southern Swirling Clouds

Venus Express


Swansong experiment sheds light on Venusí polar atmosphere
EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY RELEASE
19 April 2016 Astronomy Now

Visualisation of Venus Express performing the aerobraking manoeuvre, during which the spacecraft orbited Venus
at an altitude of around 130 kilometres from 18 June to 11 July 2014. In the month before,
the altitude was gradually reduced from around 200 to 130 kilometres.
Image credit: © ESAĖC. Carreau.

Density profiles of Venusí polar atmosphere. Figure credit: courtesy of I. MŁller-Wodarg (Imperial College London, UK).

Mapping the density waves in Venusí lower thermosphere. Figure credit: ESA/Venus Express/VExADE/MŁller-Wodarg et al., 2016.


Published on Jun 10, 2012 Venus as observed by the European Space Agency's Venus Express spacecraft during orbit 1640.
The 58 images comprising the movie were obtained by the Venus Monitoring Camera instrument in ultraviolet light.

Published on Feb 23, 2013 A quick and dirty animation of images obtained by the Venus Express spacecraft. The images were obtained during orbit 1749
(one of the the so-≠-called "VEX Terminator Observations").

Venus Express May Be Out Of Fuel After Death-Duelling Maneuvers
by Elizabeth Howell on December 5, 2014

Artistís concept of Venus Express. Credit: ESA
After more than eight years orbiting a hellish planet, Venus Express is showing its age.
The spacecraft made some risky maneuvers this summer, dipping down into the atmosphere as it nears the end of its mission.
Now, the European Space Agency reports it has mostly lost contact with the probe. The reason could be lack of fuel.

Venus Express Out Of Gas; Mission Concludes, Spacecraft On Death Watch
by ELIZABETH HOWELL on DECEMBER 16, 2014

Artistís conception of Venus Express. Image credit: ESA
After surviving an eight-year mission and a daring plunge into part of the atmosphere of Venus,
a plucky spacecraft orbiting the hothouse planet is finished its mission, the European Space Agency declared.
Venus Express can no longer communicate consistently with Earth

Size Comparison

Size comparison of Venus and Earth. Credit: NASA/JPL/Magellan

The internal structure of Venus Ė the crust (outer layer), the mantle (middle layer)
and the core (yellow inner layer). Credit: Wikipedia Commons

Artistís impression of the surface of Venus Credit: ESA/AOES


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PAST MISSIONS TO VENUS

Mariner MISSIONS TO VENUS

August 27, 1962. Mariner 2 launches to Venus. Four months later, it becomes the first spacecraft
to return useful scientific information to Earth from the vicinity of another planet. Photo credit: NASA.

The Mariner 1 and 2 spacecrafts made their way to Venus. Mariner 2 was the first successful Venus Flyby on . Credit: NASA/JPL

The Mariner 10 spacecraft. Credit: NASA/JPL


Russian MISSIONS TO VENUS

Images of Venusian surface taken by the Venera 10 lander on October 25th, 1977. Credit: Russian Space Web/Donald Mitchell

Images of Venusian surface taken by the Venera 10 lander on October 25th, 1977. Credit: Russian Space Web/Donald Mitchell

VENUS EXPRESS PROBE REVEALS THE PLANETíS MYSTERIOUS NIGHT SIDE

Artist's impression of the Venus Express spacecraft in orbit around Venus. Credit: ESA

The atmospheric super-rotation at the upper clouds of Venus. While the super-rotation is present in both day and night sides of Venus, it seems more uniform in the day. Credits: JAXA, ESA, J. Peralta and R. Hueso.

Artistís impression of the atmosphere of Venus, showing its lightning storms and a volcano in the distance. Credit and ©: European Space Agency/J. Whatmore

Examples of new types of cloud morphology discovered on the night side of Venus thanks to Venus Express (ESA) and the infrared telescope IRTF (NASA). Credits: ESA/NASA/J. Peralta and R. Hueso.

Examples of new types of cloud morphology discovered on the night side of Venus thanks to Venus Express (ESA) and the infrared telescope IRTF (NASA). Credits: ESA/NASA/J. Peralta and R. Hueso.

Artistís impression of Venus Express performing aerobreaking maneuvers in the planetís atmosphere in June and July 2014. Credit: ESAĖC. Carreau


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Japanís Akatsuki Spacecraft to Make Second Attempt to Enter Orbit of Venus in December 2015
by MATT WILLIAMS on JANUARY 6, 2015

Artistís impression of the Venus Climate Orbiter (aka. ďAkatsukiĒ) by Akihiro Ikeshita. Image Credit: JAXA Back in 2010, the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) launched the The Venus Climate Orbiter ďAkatsuki" with the intention of learning more about the planetís weather and surface conditions. Unfortunately, due to engine trouble,the probe failed to make it into the planetís orbit. Since that time, it has remained in a heliocentric orbit, some 134 million kilometers from Venus, conducting scientific studies on the solar wind. However, JAXA is going to make one more attempt to slip the probe into Venusíorbit before its fuel runs out. UPDATE DECEMBER 17, 2015 Japanese probe fires rockets to steer into orbit at Venus Posted on 7 December 2015 by Stephen Clark Five years after missing a shot to enter orbit at Venus, Japanís Akatsuki spacecraft completed a critical rocket burn early Monday, Dec 7, 2015 in a bid to salvage the research mission and become the only space probe operating around Earthís nearest planetary neighbor. Four maneuvering thrusters were scheduled to ignite at 2351 GMT (6:51 p.m. EST) Sunday for approximately 20 minutes and 30 seconds to slow down the Akatsuki probe enough for Venusí gravity to capture it into an elongated, high-altitude orbit.


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PROPOSED FUTURE MISSIONS TO VENUS

Artistís impression of the surface of Venus, showing its lightning storms and a volcano in the distance. Credit and ©: European Space Agency/J. Whatmore

  • Exploring Venus' upper atmosphere with air ships

  • NASA's INSTU MISSION

  • The DAVINCI Mission

  • The VERITAS PROPOSED MISSION

  • The Future VENUS ROVER

  • The Future VAMP MISSION

  • The Russian Proposed Venera Mission

  • The BLACKSWIFT proposal

  • Exploring Venus By Airship: Cool Concept, But Certainly Not New
    by Elizabeth Howell on December 22, 2014

    An artist concept of the view from an airship orbiting Venus. Credit: NASA Langley HAVOC team. Venus presents a special challenge to space explorers. Yes, there is a surface, but hellish temperatures and atmospheric pressure on the surface of Venus has a tendency to crush spacecraft fairly quickly. Short of building a submarine-rated surface explorer, maybe thereís a better way to look at the hothouse planet? A newly proposed NASA concept suggests using airships. Yes, airships with people in them.

    Because of its proximity to Earth, and its similarity in size, mass and composition, Venus was once believed to hold life.In fact, the idea of Venus being a tropical world persisted well into the 20th century, until the Venera and Mariner programs demonstrated the absolute hellish conditions that actually exist on the surface.


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    NASA's Proposed INSTU mission

    Artistís concept of the Venus in Situ explorer mission, which could be deployed to Venus by 2022. Credit: NASA


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    The Next Generation of Exploration: The DAVINCI Spacecraft
    by MATT WILLIAMS on OCTOBER 5, 2015

    NASAís latest round of Discovery Program missions envision sending craft to study Venus, near-Earth objects, and asteroids. Credit: NASA


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    The Next Generation of Exploration: Back to Venus with VERITAS
    by MATT WILLIAMS on OCTOBER 7, 2015

    Artistís concept of the VERITAS (Venus Emissivity, Radio Science, InSAR, Topography, and Spectroscopy) spacecraft,
    a proposed mission for NASAís Discovery Program that would launch by the end of 2021.
    Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

    NASA's news release on the proposed VERITAS mission




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    NASAíS PLAN TO EXPLORE VENUS WITH A ďSTEAMPUNKĒ ROVER

    AREE is a clockwork rover inspired by mechanical computers. A JPL team is studying how this kind of rover could explore extreme environments, like the surface of Venus. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

    Artistís impression of the AREE clockwork rover operating on the surface of Venus. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

    A look inside the AREE rover (next to an astronaut for scale). Wind would be channeled through the roverís body for primary power. Rotating targets on top could be ďpingedĒ by radar, sending data as Morse code. Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

    Artistís concept for the Automaton Rover for Extreme Environments (AREE). Credit: NASA/JPL

    Automaton Rover for Extreme Environments (AREE)

    An Automaton Rover is a mechanically based robot that thrives in Venus' high temperatures, where electronics would quickly fail. Inspired by Strandbeests, this high temperature alloy rover extends science fiction "steampunk" to space exploration. For more information, see: This work is funded by NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts (NIAC). The research was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. © 2017 California Institute of Technology. Government sponsorship acknowledged.

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    Northrop Gruman's Mission: VAMP


    Venus Plane Pushed for Next NASA Next Frontiers Mission
    by Dan Leone, Space News Writer | May 12, 2015 11:06am ET

    Northrop Grumman has come up with a Venus mission concept called VAMP (Venus Atmospheric Maneuverable Platform):
    An inflatable propeller plane that could cruise Earth's super-heated sister planet for years,
    SAMPLING the acidic alien atmopshere directly and safely observing the venusian surface from 50 kilometers up.


    Aircraft like the Venus Atmospheric Maneuverable Platform (VAMP) could explore the cloud tops of Venus for possible signs of life. Credit: Northrop Grumman Corp.

    Northrup Gruman Press release on the vamp mission

    Northrup Gruman statement on vamp

    ďOur project centers around a unique aircraft and method for harvesting energy from Venusís upper atmosphere
     that doesnít require additional sources of energy for propulsion.  
     Our experience working on unmanned aircraft systems that interact with severe convective storms on Earth
     will hopefully provide a valuable contribution to the ongoing discussion for how best to explore 
     this turbulent environment. Additionally, the work we do will help inform better designs of our own aircraft
     and should lead to longer observation times and more robust aircraft to observe everything from volcanic plumes
     to hurricanes.Ē
     


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    The proposed Venera Russian Mission

    The Russian Academy of Sciencesí Space Research Institute (IKI) Venera-D mission concept includes a Venus orbiter that would operate for up to three years, and a lander designed to survive the incredibly harsh conditions a spacecraft would encounter on Venusí surface for a few hours. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech




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    NASA HAS AWARDED A CONTRACT TO STUDY FLYING DRONES ON VENUS

    Black Swift Technologies has won a NASA contract to develop a drone to study Venus' upper atmosphere. Credit: Black Swift Technologies

    Our project centers around a unique aircraft and method for harvesting energy from Venusís upper atmosphere that doesnít require additional sources of energy for propulsion. Our experience working on unmanned aircraft systems that interact with severe convective storms on Earth will hopefully provide a valuable contribution to the ongoing discussion for how best to explore this turbulent environment. Additionally, the work we do will help inform better designs of our own aircraft and should lead to longer observation times and more robust aircraft to observe everything from volcanic plumes to hurricanes.Ē




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