Mission to the Trans Neptunian Objects

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Mission to The trans Neptunion Objects/Introduction

Status of the Deep Space Network

NASA's Digital Orrery

MAST: Barbara A. Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes


Artist's concept of the hypothetical "Planet Nine". Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Robert Hurt

Main Page of the LSST

Artist’s impression of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST).
 Credit: lsst.org

Animated diagram showing the spacing of the Solar Systems planet’s, the unusually closely spaced orbits
of six of the most distant KBOs, and the possible “Planet 9” (aka. “Planet X”).
 Credit: Caltech/nagualdesign

The orbits of several KBOs provide indications about the possible existence of Planet 9.
 Credit: Caltech/R. Hurt (IPAC)

Current known Trans Neptunian Objects (TNOs)

The presently known largest small bodies in the Kuiper Belt are likely not to be surpassed by any future discoveries.
This is the conclusion of Dr. Michael Brown, et al. (Illustration Credit: Larry McNish, Data: M.Brown)
The self-professed �Pluto Killer� is at it again. Dr. Michael Brown is now reminiscing about the good old days when
one could scour through sky survey data and discover big bright objects in the Kuiper Belt. In his latest research paper,
Brown and his team have concluded that those days are over.


What is a Drawf Planet?

Current Dwarf Planets -Summer 2017

Astronomers are Predicting at Least Two More Large Planets in the Solar System

At least two unknown planets could exist in our solar system beyond Pluto. / Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech.
Could there be another Pluto-like object out in the far reaches of the Solar System? How about two or more?
Earlier this week, we discussed a recent paper from planet-hunter Mike Brown, who said that while there aren�t likely to be any bright,
easy-to-find objects, there could be dark ones �lurking far away.� Now, a group of astronomers from the UK and Spain maintain at
least two planets must exist beyond Neptune and Pluto in order to explain the orbital behavior of objects that are even farther out,
called extreme trans-Neptunian objects (ETNO).

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The Newly Discovered Drawf Planet ERIS

The Dwarf Planet Eris by MATT WILLIAMS on MAY 30, 2015

Artist illustration of the dwarf planet Eris. Image credit: NASA

Artist’s impression shows the distant dwarf planet Eris, highlighting its bright surface. Credit: ESO

A diagram showing solar system orbits. The highly tilted orbit of Eris is in red. Credit: NASA

Eris (center) and its moon of Dysnomia (left of center), taken by the Hubble Space Telescope. Credit: NASA/ESA/Mike Brown

Eris (center) and its moon of Dysnomia (left of center), taken by the Hubble Space Telescope. Credit: NASA/ESA/Mike Brown

Artist Impression of ERIS and it's moon Dysmonia

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The Drawf Planet Sedna

Stealing Sedna by DAVID DICKINSON on AUGUST 6, 2015

An artist’s conception of Sedna. This depiction assumes that Sedna has a tiny as yet undiscovered moon. Image credit; NASA/JPl-Caltech

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2029 Will be the Perfect Year to Launch a Mission to Sedna

Object 90377 Sedna – a distant trans-Neptunian object known best for its highly elliptical, 11,390-year long orbit – is currently on its way towards perihelion (its closest approach to the Sun) in 2076. After that, Sedna will swing out into deep space again and won’t be back for millennia, making this flyby a once-in-a-lifetime (or, once in ~113 lifetimes) opportunity to study an object from the far reaches of our solar system. There are no missions to Sedna in the works just yet, but astronomers are beginning to plan for the possibility, and the ideal launch date for such a mission is approaching fast, with two of the best launch windows coming up in 2029 and 2034. Artist’s Rendering of Sedna. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/R. Hurt (SSC-Caltech)

The orbit of dwarf planet candidate 90377 Sedna (red) compared to Jupiter (orange), Saturn (yellow), Uranus (green), Neptune (blue), and Pluto (purple). Credit: Szczureq/kheider/NASA (Wikimedia Commons).

90377 Sedna as seen by the Hubble Space Telescope in 2004. Credit: NASA.

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The Drawf Planet HAUMEAU

A capture of Haumea… with an 8″ telescope! The brilliant star in the frame is magnitude +2.7 Eta Boötis
(Murphid). Image credit: Mike Weasner/Cassiopeia observatory

Artist’s impression of the dwarf planet Haumea and its moons, Hi’aka and Namaka. Credit: NASA

10 Years of Haumea

An artists’ conception of the strange environs of Haumea and friends. Image credit: Harvard-Smithsonian CfA

The orbit of 136108 Haumea. Image credit: NASA/JPL

Evidence of an ancient collision, perhaps?

Haumea and friends: orbital inclinations of TNO/KBO families vs AU distance. Image credit: Wikimedia/Eurocommuter

Voyage to HAUMEA, Dwarf Planet, and its moon Hi'iaka - KSP Real Solar System

Published on Mar 3, 2015 Three kerbals touch down on the surface of the small moon Hi'iaka in the depths of the Kuiper Belt.
Hi'iaka, along with Namaka, orbits the large dwarf planet Haumea, with its dramatic ellipsoid shape
(see video icon to appreciate this, as KSP cannot render it for larger objects).
After a relatively painless docking high above Hi'iaka's plains, the kerbals prepare to embark on the next leg of their journey: Orcus and Vanth.
Suggest future objects for visiting in the comments. Avoid tiny objects please, and dwarf planets with moons are a big plus.
Suggestions here:... (Orcus and Vanth are next) RIP NOBODY! This time... SRB Gaming Category Gaming License Standard YouTube License

Haumea and its Dark Red Spot

(Click on the youtube icon and it will run) Uploaded on Sep 11, 2009 My rendition of the dark red spot on the surface of Kuiper belt object Haumea. Music "ピエール" by Playdoh ( • • )


Artist concept of Haumea, with the correct proportions of the main body and the ring. The ring is at a distance of 2287 kilometers from the center of the main body and is darker than the surface of the dwarf planet itself. Credit: Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía.

Outreach video produced on the occasion of the publication (in Oct. 2017) in Nature of the paper entitled "The size, shape, density and ring of the dwarf planet Haumea from a stellar occultation" by J.L. Ortiz et al.

Artist’s impression of the dwarf planet Haumea and its moons, Hi’aka and Namaka. Credit: NASA

Dwarf Planet Haumea is one of the Stranger Objects in the Solar System. How did it get That way

Screenshot of an interactive 3D model of Haumea. Credit – NASA Visualization Technology Applications and Development

The Internal Happenings of Dwarf Planet Haumea

Presented by Jessica Noviello, NASA Postdoctoral Management Program Fellow

Haumea - The Ringed Dwarf Planet With One Mystery Solved

: You can buy Universe Sandbox 2 here Or get a shirt: Hello and welcome! My name is Anton and in this video, we will talk about dwarf planet Haumea, its rings and various new discoveries about this unusual object. Paper: Support this channel on Patreon to help me make this a full time job: Space Engine is available for free here: Enjoy and please subscribe. Twitter: Facebook: Twitch: Bitcoins to spare? Donate them here to help this channel grow! 1GFiTKxWyEjAjZv4vsNtWTUmL53HgXBuvu The hardware used to record these videos: CPU: Video Card: Motherboard: RAM: PSU: Case: Microphone: Mixer: Recording and Editing: Some of the above are affiliate links, meaning I would get a (very small) percentage of the price paid. Thank you to all Patreon supporters of this channel Special thanks also goes to all the wonderful supporters of the channel through YouTube Memberships: Thank you to all Patreon supporters of this channel Specifically, great thanks to the following members: Morrison Waud Vlad Manshin Mark Teranishi TheHuntress Ralph Spataro Albert B. Cannon Lilith Dawn Greg Lambros adam lee Gabriel Seiffert Henry Spadoni J Carter Jer Silver surfer Konrad Kummli Nick Dolgy UnexpectedBooks.com Mario Rahmani George Williams Shinne Jakub Glos Johann Goergen Jake Salo LS Greger Lyndon Riley Lauren Smith Michael Tiganila Russell Sears Vinod sethi Dave Blair Robert Wyssbrod Randal Masutani Michael Mitsuda Assaf Dar Sagol Liam Moss Timothy Welter MD Barnard Rabenold Gordon Cooper Tracy Burgess Douglas Burns Jayjay Volz Anataine Deva Kai Raphahn Sander Stols Bodo Graßmann Daniel Charles Smith Daniel G. Eugene Sandulenko gary steelman Max McNally Michael Koebel Sergio Ruelas Steven Aiello Victor Julian Castillo xyndicate Honey Suzanne Lyons Olegas Budnik Dale Andrew Darling Niji Peter Hamrak Matthew Lazear Alexander Afanasyev Anton Newman Anton Reed

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The Drawf Planet QUAOAR by MATT WILLIAMS on AUGUST 27, 2015

Artist’s impression of the Kuiper Belt Object and possible dwarf planet Quaoar. Credit: reborbit.com


Images of Quaoar taken using the Oschin Telescope at the Palomar Observatory, California. Credit: Chad Trujillo & Michael Brown (Caltech)


The orbit of Quaoar (yellow) and various other cubewanos compared to the orbit of Neptune (blue) and Pluto (pink). Credit: Wikipedia Commons/kheider

Artist’s impression of the moderately red Quaoar and its moon Weywort.

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The Drawf Planet ORCUS

Artist’s impression of the Trans-Neptunian Object (TNO) 90482 Orcus. Credit: NASA

ORCUS Discovery image

90482 Orcus. The location of Orcus is shown in the green circle (top, left). Credit: NASA

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The (Possible) Dwarf Planet 2007 OR10 by MATT WILLIAMS on SEPTEMBER 2, 2015

An artist’s conception of 2007 OR10, nicknamed Snow White. Astronomers suspect that its rosy color
is due to the presence of irradiated methane. Credit: NASA

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The (Possible) Ninth Planet Artist Conception

  • Return to my Mission to the solarsystem OORT CLOUD subsection

  • Artistic rendering shows the distant view from theoretical Planet Nine back towards the sun.
    The planet is thought to be gaseous, similar to Uranus and Neptune.
    Hypothetical lightning lights up the night side.
    Credit: Caltech/R. Hurt (IPAC)


    The (Possible) Ninth Planet Possible Orbit

    The six most distant known objects in the solar system with orbits exclusively beyond Neptune (magenta)
    all mysteriously line up in a single direction. Also, when viewed in three dimensions,
    they tilt nearly identically away from the plane of the solar system. Batygin and Brown show that a planet
    with 10 times the mass of the earth in a distant eccentric orbit anti-aligned with the other six objects (orange)
    is required to maintain this configuration.
    Credit: Caltech/R. Hurt (IPAC); [Diagram created using WorldWide Telescope.]

    SEARCH NARROWS FOR PLANET NINE 25 Feb , 2016 by Bob King

    Based on a careful study of Saturn’s orbit and using mathematical models,
    French scientists were able to whittle down the search region for Planet Nine to “possible” and “probable” zones.
    Source: CNRS, Cote d’Azur and Paris observatories , created by the author

    A New Planet In Our Solar System? NASA Takes A Look

    (click on the gray out icon video will start) Published on Jan 20, 2016 NASA’s Director of Planetary Science, Jim Green, discusses the Jan. 20 Astronomical Journal science paper
    that points to the possibility of a new “Planet 9” in our solar system beyond Pluto,
    examining the scientific process and inviting you to have a front row seat to our exploration of the solar system. Category Science & Technology License Standard YouTube License

    A New Group of Objects due to the possible ninth planet

    A predicted consequence of Planet Nine is that a second set of confined objects should also exist.
    These objects are forced into positions at right angles to Planet Nine and into orbits that are perpendicular to the plane of the solar system.
    Five known objects (blue) fit this prediction precisely.
    Credit: Caltech/R. Hurt (IPAC) [Diagram was created using WorldWide Telescope.]

    'Planet Nine' May Exist: New Evidence for Another World in Our Solar System By Mike Wall, Space.com Senior Writer | January 20, 2016 12:34pm ET - See more at: http://www.space.com/31670-planet-nine-solar-system-discovery.html#sthash.GwXxo7yV.dpuf

    Planet nine comparison

    'Planet Nine' May Exist: New Evidence for Another World in Our Solar System.
    Credit: Karl Tate / © Space.com. Source: Caltech

    Planet Nine Animation

    Uploaded on Jan 19, 2016 0:00 Zooming out from the orbit of Neptune, we see the six aligned objects, and how they fall within the same plane 00:38 Planet Nine is required to be anti-aligned to these objects, but shares the same plane. 00:56 The presence of Planet Nine also forces objects into orbits that are perpendicular to
    the plane of the solar system and oriented at right angles to Planet Nine. Credit: Caltech/R. Hurt (IPAC) Category Science & Technology License Standard YouTube License

    Although no one’s actually seen the planet that supposedly lurks in the outer solar system,
    planetary scientists at the California Institute of Technology presented evidence for Planet Nine’s existence in January.


    Artist concept of Planet 9. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech.

    A previously cataloged brown dwarf named WISE 0855?0714 shows up as a moving orange dot (upper left) in this loop of WISE images spanning five years. By viewing movies like this, anyone can help discover more brown dwarfs or even a 9th planet. Credit: NASA/WISE.

    Backyard Worlds: The Search For Planet 9

    BACKYARDWORLDS.org Searching for planet 9


    Artist's impression of Planet Nine, blocking out the Milky Way. The Sun is in the distance, with the orbit of Neptune shown as a ring. Credit: ESO/Tomruen/nagualdesign

    Artist’s impression of what the theoretical Planet 9 could look like. Credit: NASA

    Animated diagram showing the spacing of the Solar Systems planet’s, the unusually closely spaced orbits of six of the most distant KBOs, and the possible “Planet 9”. Credit: Caltech/nagualdesign

    A planetary mass object the size of Mars would be sufficient to produce the observed perturbations in the distant Kuiper Belt. Credit: Heather Roper/LPL


    Artist's concept of the hypothetical "Planet Nine". Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Robert Hurt

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    27 Apr , 2016 by Nancy Atkinson

    This Hubble Space Telescope image reveals the first moon ever discovered around the dwarf planet Makemake.
    The tiny 100 mile-wide moon, nicknamed MK 2, is located just above Makemake in this image, and is barely visible because it
    is almost lost in the glare of the very bright dwarf planet.
    Credit: NASA, ESA, A. Parker and M. Buie (Southwest Research Institute), W. Grundy (Lowell Observatory), and K. Noll (NASA GSFC)

    Artist impression of Makemake and its moon.
    Credit: NASA, ESA, and A. Parker (Southwest Research Institute).

    Published on Apr 26, 2016 Astronomers using the Hubble Space Telescope discovered a moon orbiting dwarf planet Makemake --
    the third largest known object past the orbit of Neptune, about two thirds the size of Pluto.
    Further observations of this moon may allow astronomers to calculate Makemake's mass,
    which will give them a better idea of its density and thus its bulk composition.
    The Hubble Space Telescope has been instrumental in studying our outer solar system;
    it also discovered four of the five moons orbiting Pluto.
    :This video is public domain and can be downloaded from the Scientific Visualization Studio
    Read more: Music - "Digital Conquest" by JC Lemay and Laurent Dury, Koka Media and Universal Publishing Production Music

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    A new Dwarf Planet R245???


    2015 RR245's orbit takes it 120 times further from the Sun than the Earth is. Image: OSSOS/Alex Parker

    These images show 3 hours of RR245’s movement. Image: OSSOS

    Goblin Drawf Planet 2015TG387

    New Dwarf Planet Found in the Outskirts of the Solar System, Giving Astronomers
    More Ammunition to Search for Evidence of Planet 9

    Astronomers have found a new dwarf planet way out beyond Pluto that never gets closer than 65 AUs to the Sun. It’s nicknamed “The Goblin” which is much more interesting than its science name, 2015 TG387. The Goblin’s orbit is consistent with the much-talked-about but yet-to-be-proven Planet 9.

    Dwarf planet 2015 TG387, or Goblin, has an orbit that takes it much further from the Sun than other Inner Oort Cloud Objects Sedna and 2012 VP113. Image: Roberto Molar Candanosa and Scott Sheppard, courtesy of Carnegie Institution for Science.

    A figure from the study shows the orbit of 2015 TG387 and other distant objects in the Solar System. According to the paper, ” 2015 TG387 continues the longitude clustering trend seen for the inner Oort cloud objects and ETNOs, which might be caused by a massive planet (Planet 9) shepherding these objects.” Image: Shepard et. al., 2018

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    Farout!'(2018 VG18) Newfound Object Is the Farthest Solar System Body Ever Spotted

    Article from the University of Colorado in Boulder Colorado

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    Misc Articles on the Trans Neptunian Objects


    Is There Really A Planet X?

    Fraser Cain
    Published on Sep 17, 2013
    In this short video explainer, Universe Today publisher investigates the myth of Planet X. No,
     there isn't a big planet coming our way. But the myth and allure of more planets out there
     has kept astronomers busy for centuries.
    And could there be a huge planet, still undiscovered, out beyond the orbit of Pluto?
    Have you heard there's a giant planet in the Solar System headed straight towards Earth? At some point in the next few months or years, this thing is going to crash into Earth or flip our poles, or push us out of our orbit, or some other horrible civilization destroying disaster. Are these rumours true? Is there a Planet X on a collision course with Earth? Unlike some of the answers science gives us, where we need to give a vague and nuanced answers, like yes AND no, or Maybe, well, it depends... I'm glad to give a straight answer: "No". Any large object moving towards the inner Solar System would be one of the brightest objects in the night sky. It would mess up the orbits of the other planets and asteroids that astronomers carefully observe every night. There are millions of amateur astronomers taking high quality images of the night sky. If something was out there, they'd see it. These rumours have been popping up on the internet for more than a decade now, and I'm sure we'll still be debunking them decades from now. What people are calling Planet X, or Nibiru, or Wormwood, or whatever doesn't exist. But is it possible that there are large, undiscovered objects out in the furthest reaches of Solar System? Sure. Astronomers have been searching for Planet X for more than a hundred years. In the 1840s, the French mathematician Urbain Le Verrier calculated that another large planet must be perturbing the orbit of Uranus. He predicted the location where this planet would be, and then German astronomer Johann Gottfried Galle used those coordinates to discover Neptune right where Le Verrier predicted. The famed astronomer Percival Lowell died searching for the next planet in the Solar System, but he made a few calculations about where it might be found. And in 1930, Clyde William Tombaugh successfully discovered Pluto in one of the locations predicted by Lowell. Astronomers continued searching for additional large objects, but it wasn't until 2005 that another object the size of Pluto was finally discovered by Mike Brown and his team from Caltech: Eris. Brown and his team also turned up several other large icy objects in the Kuiper Belt; many of which have been designated dwarf planets. We haven't discovered any other large objects yet, but there might be clues that they're out there. In 2012, the Brazilian astronomer Rodney Gomes calculated the orbits of objects in the Kuiper Belt and found irregularities in the orbits of 6 objects. This suggests that a larger object is further out, tugging at their orbits. It could be a Mars-sized object 8.5 billion km away, or a Neptune-sized object 225 billion km away. There's another region at the edge of the Solar System called the Oort Cloud. This is the source of the long-period comets that occasionally visit the inner Solar System. It's possible that large planets are perturbing the orbits of comets with their gravity, nudging these comets in our direction. So, feel free to ignore every single scary video and website that says an encounter with Planet X is coming. And use that time you saved from worrying, and use it to appreciate the amazing discoveries being made in space and astronomy every day.

    Breaking News on the Search for Planet Nine with Dr. Konstantin Batygin


    An exploration into a new paper by Dr. Konstanin Batygin and Mike Brown that goes over the Injection of Inner Oort Cloud Objects Into the Distant Kuiper Belt by Planet Nine. Planet Nine is an as yet undiscovered planet that may lurk in the outer solar system. Injection of Inner Oort Cloud Objects Into the Distant Kuiper Belt by Planet Nine by Konstantin Batygin and Michael E. Brown (PDF) Eduardo Marturet - Planet 9, Op. 3 Konstantin’s Band Patreon: Want to support the channel? Follow us at other places! Website: Twitter: Instagram: Music featured on Event Horizon Stellar Drone Miguel Johnson Bandcamp Leerosevere Bandcamp Aeriumambient Bandcmp FOOTAGE: NASA ESA/Hubble ESO - M.Kornmesser ESO - L.Calcada ESO - Jose Francisco Salgado (josefrancisco.org"> NAOJ University of Warwick Goddard Visualization Studio Langley Research Center Pixabay

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    The new Goblin Drawf Planet

    A New High Perihelion Inner Oort Cloud Object (PDF)

    Injection of Inner Oort Cloud Objects Into the Distant Kuiper Belt by Planet Nine

    information on Injection of Inner Oort Cloud Objects Into the Distant Kuiper Belt by Planet Nine

    Analysis of Mission Opportunities to Sedna in 2029-2034

    information on Analysis of Mission Opportunities to Sedna in 2029-2034

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