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William Bacon's NASA's Mars 2020 Mission Page Index

NASA's MARS 2020 Mission Page

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Nasa's mars mission page

NASA's 2020 Mission to Mars

Artist's impression of the Mars 2020 Rover. Credit: NASA.

The microphone for the upcoming Mars mission will be attached to the SuperCam,
 seen here in this illustration zapping a rock with its laser.
 Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech


Don’t Forget, Curiosity’s Sister Rover is Flying to Mars in 2020

Engineers testing the spacecraft that will carry the Mars 2020 rover to the Red Planet. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

The components that make up the Mars 2020 spacecraft, labelled (left) and unlabeled (right). Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

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JEZERO Crater From Wikipedia

It’s Decided, the Mars 2020 Rover Will Land in Jezero Crater

Artist’s impression of the Mars 2020 with its sky crane landing system deployed. 
Credit: NASA/JPL

Mars 2020 Rover is Going to a Place on Mars That’s Perfect for Preserving Fossils

Back in November 2018, NASA announced that the Mars 2020 rover would land in the Jezero Crater. Jezero Crater is a geologically diverse area, with an alluvial fan of sediment deposited by an incoming river. That sediment may contain preserved ancient organic molecules, and the deposit is clearly visible in satellite images of the Crater.

A composite image of the Jezero Crater from the MRO’s CRISM instrument and its Context Camera. Colors have been added to show minerals. Green represents carbonates, that minerals that preserve fossils so well here on Earth. The red is olivine sand eroding out of carbonate-containing rocks. Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS/JHU-APL/Purdue/USGS

The marginal carbonates are outlined in red in this image. Image Credit: NASA/MRO/ Horgan et. al. 2019.

Jezero crater is the landing spot for NASA’s upcoming 2020 rover. The crater is a rich geological site, and the 45 km wide (28 mile) impact crater contains at least five different types of rock that the rover will sample. Some of the landform features in the crater are 3.6 billion years old, making the site an ideal place to look for signs of ancient habitability.

This map of Mars was created using data from the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) on the Mars Global Surveyor. The Isidis Basin, which contains the Jezero Crater, is on the middle right. Image Credit: NASA / JPL / GSFC. Map by Emily Lakdawalla at the Planetary Society.

A topographical map of Isidis Planitia. Image Credit: Martin Pauer (Power) – plotted using GMT and gridded MOLA data archive meg0031t.grd, , WIKIPEDIA Public Domain

Mars 2020 Landing Site: Jezero Crater Flyover

An animated flyover of the Martian surface explains why Mars’ Jezero Crater, a 28-mile-wide ancient lake-delta system, is the best place for the Mars 2020 rover to find and collect promising samples for a possible future return to Earth. For more about the mission, please visit

Helicopter Drones on Mars
by PAUL PATTON on MARCH 17, 2015

Mars Helicopter Completes More Test Flights. It’s Almost Ready to go to Mars

We’ve known for some time that NASA is sending a helicopter to Mars. The vehicle, called the Mars Helicopter, is undergoing flight testing at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in California. The little helicopter will make its eventual way to Mars as part of the Mars 2020 Rover missio

This image of the flight model of NASA's Mars Helicopter was taken on Feb. 14, 2019, in a cleanroom at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. The aluminum base plate, side posts, and crossbeam around the helicopter protect the helicopter's landing legs and the attachment points that will hold it to the belly of the Mars 2020 rover. (Image: © NASA/JPL-Caltech)

Video file: NASA's Mars Helicopter Completes Flight Tests from JPLraw on Vimeo.

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You Can Use a Live Webcam to Watch NASA Build the Mars 2020 Rover

(As of June 2019) NASA’s next mission to the surface of Mars is called the 2020 rover (in case you didn’t know already.) It’s planned launch date is July 17th, 2020, and it should land at Jezero Crater on Mars on February 18th 2021. The rover is still under construction at the Jet Propulsion Lab in Pasadena, California.

Not much happening at 1:13 PST, Friday June 7, 2019. Image Credit: NASA/JPL

In this image from the JPL facility where the 2020 rover is being worked on, 2 people are doing something and talking about it. Fascinating! Image Credit: NASA/JPL

Here’s someone sitting at a computer doing something. Hey! That’s what I do! Image Credit: NASA/JPL

Move Over, Energizer Bunny! NASA's Mars 2020 Rover Just Got Its Nuclear Battery
By Elizabeth Howell a day ago Tech
NASA's Mars 2020 rover is fueling up for the Red Planet.

The Mars 2020 rover's power system, called a Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (MMRTG), will be inserted into the aft end of the rover between the white panels with gold tubing. (Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech)

In this photo, taken June 1,2019 an engineer at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, works on the Mars 2020 rover. (Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech)

Mars 2020 Rover Gets its Helicopter Sidekick
Mars Helicopter Drone Installed on NASA's Next Red Planet Rover By Mike Wall
The little chopper will be the first rotorcraft ever to ply alien skies

An engineer works on attaching NASA's Mars Helicopter to the belly of the Mars 2020 rover — which has been flipped over for that purpose — on Aug. 27, 2019, at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.(Image: © NASA/JPL-Caltech ) The first-ever off-Earth helicopter just hooked up with its traveling compani Engineers at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California, attached the tiny Mars Helicopter to the agency's car-size Mars 2020 rover today (Aug. 28, 2019), agency officials announced.

Artist’s impression of the Mars 2020 with its sky crane landing system deployed. 
Credit: NASA/JPL

Mars 2020 Stands Up on its Wheels For The First Time

This coming July 2020, the Mars 2020 rover will launch from Cape Canaveral, Florida, and begin its journey to the Red Planet. After it touches down in the Jezero Crater, the rover will commence science operations similar to what Curiosity has been doing since 2012. This will consist of driving over rough terrain, sampling the atmosphere, collecting drill samples, and subjecting them to chemical analysis.

Mars 2020 Stands on Its Own Six Wheels

A time-lapse video, taken JPL, captures the first time NASA's Mars 2020 rover has carried its full weight on its legs and wheels. For more information about the mission, visit

This artist’s concept depicts NASA’s Mars 2020 rover exploring Mars. Credit: NASA

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Aerial Investigations

A NASA team proposed building an airplane called ARES that could stay flying on Mars for an hour thanks to jet propulsion. However, the difficulties of Mars' atmosphere meant it would fly just once. Credit NASDA

A Helicopter is going to mars

Mars Helicopter Completes More Test Flights. It’s Almost Ready to go to Mars

NASA's Ingenuity Helicopter website

Ingenuity: A man's decades-long quest to fly a helicopter on Mars NASA is about to fly a rotorcraft on another planet for the first time. And for the engineers who built the Mars Ingenuity helicopter, it's a Wright brothers moment. By Eric Betz | Published: Wednesday, July 1, 2020

NASA's Mars Ingenuity helicopter drone will deploy from the Perseverance rover and conduct a series of test flights, paving the way for future aircraft to fly on Mars. credit:NASA

Mars Helicopter gets a Name: Ingenuity

Flying low over the surface of Mars. Don’t tell me you haven’t dreamed about it, especially with some of the ‘Mars flyover’ videos that have been produced over the years using data from the orbital missions. And if all goes well – global pandemic not withstanding — a helicopter will be on its way to the Red Planet in just a few months.(this was posted early July 2020)

NASA’s Mars Helicopter, Ingenuity (UHD Trailer)

NASA’s Mars Helicopter, Ingenuity, is set to arrive at the Red Planet on Feb. 18, 2021. Its mission: to demonstrate the first powered flight on another world. For more information, visit Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

High School Student Names NASA’s Mars Helicopter

The first aircraft that will attempt powered flight on another world has a new name! Meet Ingenuity – NASA’s Mars Helicopter. And the inspiration for the name? We owe that credit to Vaneeza Rupani, an 11th grader from Northport, Alabama. Learn how Vaneeza helped name the helicopter and how this experiment plans to make its high-flying debut on the Red Planet with Mars Helicopter Project Manager MiMi Aung. NASA’s Perseverance Mars rover and the Ingenuity helicopter will launch together to Mars in summer 2020. For more information on the helicopter:

An engineer works on attaching NASA’s Mars Helicopter to the belly of the Mars 2020 rover – which has been flipped over for that purpose – on Aug. 27, 2019, at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech.

Here’s How Perseverance’s Helicopter Sidekick Will Deploy on Mars

When NASA’s new Perseverance Martian rover launches in a little over a month it will have a small robotic stow-away on board. Ingenuity is a small helicopter, with a fuselage about the size of a softball and two extending rotors that measure about 4 feet across. It was attached to the bottom of the rover’s chassis in April, and NASA recently released details about it’s technically challenging release process.

Image describing various subsystems of the Ingenuity elicopter. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Mars Helicopter Scout

MiMi Aung, the Autonomous Systems Deputy Division Manager at JPL, presented the Mars Helicopter Scout at the Keck Institute for Space Studies lecture on April 1, 2015. The Mars Helicopter Scout is a current proposal to demonstrate helicopter flight at Mars on the Mars 2020 mission.The Mars Helicopter Scout will scout ahead of a planetary surface rover to provide high-resolution aerial images of the terrain for science and operational purposes. This talk described the scope of the Mars Helicopter Scout proposal, the signficant science and operational benefits of a helicopter in planetary surface exploration, and the technical design overview of Mars Helicopter Scout. The talk concluded with examples of feedforward applications of a planetary helicopter to future missions, with an invitation for lecture attendees to join in further envisioning the much bigger, broader future applications offered by this addition of an aerial dimension to the state-of-practice surface rovers and orbiters in planetary exploration today.

0:01 / 1:57Testing the Mars Helicopter Delivery System on NASA's Perseverance Rover

NASA's Ingenuity helicopter is traveling to Mars attached to the belly of the Perseverance rover and must safely detach to begin the first attempt at powered flight on another planet. Tests done at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory and Lockheed Martin Space show the sequence of events that will bring the helicopter down to the Martian surface. For more about the Mars helicopter, visit Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech and Lockheed Martin Space

Ingenuity can be seen in the lower central part of this image of the underside of the Perseverance rover. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

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A NASA Panel Says We Don’t Need to be so Careful About Infecting Other Worlds

It’s time to update the rules. That’s the conclusion of a panel that examined NASA’s rules for planetary protection. It was smart, at the dawn of the space age, to think about how we might inadvertently pollute other worlds with Earthly microbes as we explore the Solar System. But now that we know a lot more than we did back then, the rules don’t fit.

The Viking landers were sterilized in a purpose-built oven so they wouldn’t contaminate Mars. Image Credit: NASA

NASA engineers working on the Mars 2020 rover’s sample return mechanism. What kind of protection is necessary when these samples return to Earth? Image Credit: NASA

These dark streaks, called recurring slope linae (RSL) look like seasonal water seepages, a great place for Curiosity to explore habitability on Mars. But the Office of Planetary Protection thought otherwise. Image Credit: NASA/JPL-CALTECH/UNIV. OF ARIZONA

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Perseverance Rover is Getting Tucked Into its Launch Fairing

70 days from now,(as of May 12,2020 ) the next launch window to Mars opens. That’s when NASA will launch their Perseverance Rover. New images from NASA show the advanced rover being put into the fairing, readying it for its long journey.

NASA’s Perseverance Rover in a clean room at Kennedy Space Center. The rocket-powered descent stage is sitting atop the rover, in this image from April 29th, 2020. This is the first step in the vehicle stacking process. Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

This image is from the Curiosity Rover, but Perseverance will use the SkyCrane method too. Image Credit: NASA/JPL

The cone-shaped back shell for NASA’s Perseverance rover mission sits on a support structure in this April 29, 2020, image from Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Along with the heat shield, the back shell provides protection for the rover and descent stage during Martian atmospheric entry. Portions of the descent stage and rover, stacked one on top of the other, can be seen in the open area directly below the lower edge of back shell. Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

The Perseverance rover will land at the Jezero Crater. This is an orbital picture of the Jezero crater, showing its fossil river delta. Credit: NASA/JPL/JHUAPL/MSSS/BROWN UNIVERSITY

Perseverance Went Into Safe Mode Shortly After Launch, But it’s Fine

On Thursday, July 30th, NASA launched the most sophisticated Mars rover ever built atop a United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V rocket from Space Launch Complex 41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida.This mission includes the Perseverance rover (Curiosity‘s sister vehicle) and the Ingenuity Mars Helicopter, both of which are being flown on a seven-month journey by the Mars 2020 spacecraft.

Artist’s impression of Mars 2020 spacecraft. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

NASA's Perseverance Rover Launches to Mars (overview)

NASA’s Perseverance Rover began its long journey to Mars today (July 30, 2020) by successfully launching from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on a ULA Atlas V rocket. It now begins its seven-month journey to the Red Planet, landing there on Feb. 18, 2021. Perseverance will seek signs of ancient microbial life on Mars along with collecting samples for future return to Earth and demonstrating key technologies to help prepare for future robotic and human exploration. Also flying with Perseverance is NASA’s Ingenuity helicopter, which will attempt to show controlled flight is possible in the very thin Martian atmosphere. For more about Perseverance, visit For more about Ingenuity, visit Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

NASA’s Perseverance Mars Rover Sample Caching System

Watch as NASA-JPL engineers test the Sample Caching System on the Perseverance Mars rover. Described as one of the most complex robotic systems ever built, the Sample and Caching System will collect core samples from the rocky surface of Mars, seal them in tubes and leave them for a future mission to retrieve and bring back to Earth. The team is on track to launch Perseverance in July 2020 and land in Mars’ Jezero Crater in February 2021. For more information on the Mars 2020 Perseverance mission, please go to: Credit: NASA-JPL/Caltech

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From Universetoday

Articles - Pages

NASA's rover 2020 Page

Next Mars Rover Will Have 23 'Eyes'

Articles from Universe today

NASA’s Perseverance Rover is Going to Jezero Crater, Which is Looking Better and Better as a Place to Search for Evidence of Past Life on Mars

Mars 2020 Rover Gets its Helicopter Sidekick

Mars Helicopter Completes More Test Flights. It’s Almost Ready to go to Mars

How Will NASA and ESA Handle Mars Samples When They Get Them Back to Earth?

Articles - Videos

Seeing 2020 livestream construction

Watch live as NASA's next rover, Mars 2020, is built and tested in the Spacecraft Assembly Facility at the agency's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. Live moderated chats will take place on this channel Monday through Thursday at 11 a.m. and 4 p.m. PT. For more about the mission, visit All chats are moderated. Inappropriate language or posts that harass other individuals will be removed. - Use respectful language - Protect your private information - No spam, sexually explicit or discriminatory material - Stay on topic

Mars 2020: The Next Mission to Mars

In 2020, NASA will send a new rover to the Martian surface with one of its objectives to search for evidence of ancient life on the planet. I made this clip as a correspondent for Bill Nye Saves the World on Netflix. Touring the Jet Propulsion Lab (JPL) in Pasadena was an awesome experience. I didn't think we were going to get into the control room but we got lucky. Some of the greatest moments in the history of space exploration have taken place there. They have a giant vacuum chamber where they can take the rover down to the atmospheric pressure on Mars (roughly .01x Earth's atmosphere) and test all of the devices to make sure there are no electrical discharges due to the reduced pressure. I also enjoyed seeing how the rocks will be cored and stored in tubes and deposited on the Martian surface awaiting pickup by the following mission. Images courtesy of NASA. Filmed by Raquel Nuno from 3:30 onwards. Music: "Serene Story 2" Caption authors (English) Summy99 Quentin Stepp Caption author (Spanish (United States)) TomiX Caption author (Portuguese) Ja1zinZamp Caption author (French) MeekoOo Caption author (Spanish) ludolab31 ludolab31 Caption author (Korean) Bumgun Park Caption authors (Arabic) أُترجِم autrjim Abdelrahman Ahmed

Soaring Above Mars. Airplanes, Helicopters and Balloons on the Red Planet

Aircraft make some of the best platforms for science here on Earth. From weather balloons to study the high atmosphere to aircraft that fly into the hearts of hurricanes. From surveys of Antarctic ice sheets to drones. So it makes sense to consider missions to any world in the Solar System with an atmosphere. Balloons to Venus and helicopters to Titan. But one world that’s been the most seriously considered for exploration by air is Mars. Mars Project Video Audio Podcast version: ITunes RSS: What Fraser's Watching Playlist: Weekly email newsletter: Support us at: More stories at: Twitch: Follow us on Twitter: @universetoday Like us on Facebook: Instagram - Team: Fraser Cain - @fcain / Karla Thompson - @karlaii / Chad Weber - weber.chad@gmail.com References: Overview of Innovative Aircraft Power and
Propulsion Systems and Their Applications for Planetary Exploration
NASA Mini-Sniffer Slow flight in the lower Mars Atmosphere in support of NASA science missions Ames Technology Capabilities and Facilities Dryden Flight Research Center EVOLUTION OF A MARS AIRPLANE CONCEPT FOR THE ARES MARS SCOUT MISSon Could This Become the First Mars Airplane? Planetary Exploration Using Biomimetics The_Mars_Aerial_Platform_mission_-_A_global_reconnaissance_of_the_Red_Planet_using_super-pressure_balloons The Mars Aerial Platform mission - A global reconnaissance of the Red Planet using super-pressure balloons Mars Helicopter to Fly on NASA’s Next Red Planet Rover Mission


NASA Response to Planetary Protection Independent Review Board Recommendations

NASA Planetary Protection Report (PDF)

10-17-2019 National Aeronautics and Space Administration Headquarters Washington, DC 20546-0001

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